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pCIAW 'qy iek pCIJwq
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jdoN vI AsIN iksy phwVI islisly v`l qurdy hW qW AnykW pRkwr dy Pu`l, pCI Aqy jglI jIv Aws pws ivcrdy hn[ bnspqI 'qy bhuqw pRBwv vwXmfl dw hudw hY[ jdoN AsIN phwVW aupr cVHnw SurU krdy hW qW qwpmwn Gtdw hY[ jy qwpmwn 80 ifgrI sYlsIAs hY qW ieh 4500 Pu`t 'qy G`t ky 65 ifgrI sYlsIAs rih jWdw hY[ qwpmwn dw bdlwA hI pCIAW dy rihx-sihx 'qy is`Dw jW Ais`Dw Asr krdw hY[ ieh vI ikhw jWdw hY ik grm iK`iqAW nwloN srd iK`iqAW dy pCI v`fy Awkwr dy hudy hn[

hvw dw jy dbwA 147 pONf pRqI vrg iec smudrI sqih 'qy hovygw qW auh Gt ky 18,000 Pu`t 'qy A`Dw ho jWdw hY[ phwVI pCIAW dy PyPiVAW dw Awkwr qy smr`Qw, mYdwnI pCIAW qoN vDyry hudI hY[ AwdmI nUM kudrq dIAW hYrwnIjnk rcnwvW 'c srvoqm jIv minAw jWdw hY[ ies nukqy dw lwB auTw ky AwpxI Akl qy Ascrj kwrn swry pRwxIAW nUM mnu`K ny Awpxy ADIn kr ilAw hY[ AwdmI lMUbVI qoN v`D clwk hY, Syr qoN vI v`D qwkqvr, pCIAW qoN vI qyz aufwrI lwaux vwlw, cIqy qoN v`D PurqIlw hwQI qoN v`D blvwn qy qyz ingwh vwlw hY[

kudrq dw iek inXm hY ik qwkqvr pRwxI swry kmzor pRwxIAW 'qy Dwk jmw ky r`Kdw hY[ ijvyN AsIN jwxdy hW ik kbUqr ny kwPI smW pihlW iek fwkIey dw km kIqw hY[ ies ny Xu`D qy SWqI ivc sdyS phucwey hn[ kbUqr qy Gu`gIAW Amn SWqI dy pRqIk hn[ igrJW qy ie`lHW mnu`K dy sPweI syvk hn[ ijQy vI ikqy koeI mirAw jIv vyKdy hn, auQoN aus nUM Kw ky vwqwvrx dw pRdUiSq hoxw rokdy hn[ c`kIrwhw' nW dw pCI Anyk duSmx kIiVAW qy sufIAW nUM Kw ky ikswnW nUM lwB phucwauNdw hY[ iqlIAr' nW dw Cotw ijhw pCI it`fI dl dw swhmxw krdw hY[ jdoN vI kdI it`fI dl AwauNdw hY qW iqlIArW dI POj ienHW 'qy tu`t pYNdI qy kwl pYx qoN bcwauNdI hY[

bhuqy pCI jo au`qrI iK`iqAW 'c rihdy hn, auh grm dySW v`l pRvws krdy hn qy BU-m`D ryKw dy nwl lgdy dySW ivc cly jWdy hn qW jo auh srdIAW qoN bc skx[ idnW dw Cotw hoxw, dwxy dI Gwt (ikauNik brP nwl zmIn Fk jWdI hY) pwxI dw X`K hoxw, kuJ Kws kwrn hn ijnHW kwrn pCIAW nUM srd dySW qoN grm dySW v`l pRvws krnw Aiq zrUrI hY[

ihmwilAw dI brP-qih jo srdIAW ivc 15,000 Aqy 18,000 Pu`t hudI hY, grmIAW ivc Gt ky 8,000 qy 9,000 Pu`t rih jWdI hY[ bhuqy pCI mOsm dI qbdIlI kwrn hyTW ihmwilAw dy sYr-spwty vwly mukwmW v`l AwauNdy hn jdoN ik grmIAW dy mhIny ivc, auQy nzr nhIN AwauNdy[ jdoN vI grmIAW SurU hudIAW hn qW Awpxy rYx-bsyry C`f ky vwps gey pCI muV Aw jWdy hn[ imswl dy qOr 'qy ihmwilAn h`sdw ksqrw', jo grmIAW ivc 8,000 jW 9,000 Pu`t q`k AsIN vyKdy hW, auh srdIAW ivc kyvl hyTly phwVI dwmnW v`l kc kr jWdy hn[

kuJ Aijhy pCI vI hn jo srdIAW ivc aupr qoN hyTW v`l AwauNdy Aqy grmIAW ivc hyTW qoN aupr v`l kc kr jWdy hn[ kuJ pCI qW prbqI auqWh prvwsI AwKy jw skdy hn, ijvyN swfy ihdusqwnI pCI jglI murgw, ihdusqwnI nIlI-cwt Aqy rg-ibrgy mYdwnI ksqrw Awid[ ienHW aupr vrnx kIqy pCIAW dw Gr qW ihmwilAw qy kSmIr hY ikauNik ieh auQy pRjxn krdy hn pr srdIAW ivc nIligrI Aqy Awspws dy phwVW d`Kx-p`Cm Bwrq ivc rihdy hn[ ies qoN ieh Adwzw sihjy hI lwieAw jw skdw hY ik ieh Awpxw sPr ihmwilAw qoN lY ky Awpxy srdIAW dy iTkwxy q`k qkrIbn 1200 qoN 1500 mIl sPr krdy hn[ ienHW mOsmW ivc hI auh Awpxy Awp nUM cgI qrHW Fwl lYNdy hn[ qurksqwnI ictwnI kbUqr, dulwmw-lw-pws jo 18,700 Pu`t 'qy hY, hyTW v`l Aw ky XwqrIAW v`loN su`ty dwxy cugdy hn[ bhuqy pCIAW nUM 29,000 Pu`t q`k vI pCI ivigAwnIAW ny aufdy vyiKAw hY[

phwVW dw islislw, mukwmI vwXmfl qy bnspqI dw pCIAW dy ivsQwr auqy bVw Asr krdw hY[ h`sdw-ksqrw, ihmwilAw ivc au`gIAW jglI rspbrIAW dy nwl nwl ivcrdy vyKy gey hn[ ieh rspbrIAW 3,500 Pu`t q`k au`gdIAW hn[ bhuqy prvwsI pCI iek phwVI qoN dUjI phwVI q`k ApVdy hn Aqy izdgI nUM vwqwvrx Anukl Fwlx dw Xqn krdy hn[ iPr v`K v`K phwVW qy rihx leI rzwmd hudy hn[ keI pCI Awpxy Awp nUM vwqwvrx dy Anukl nw smJ ky kc kr jWdy hn[

pCIAW dI lMbweI dw imAwr Awm qOr 'qy sYNtImItrW ivc nwipAw jWdw hY[ keI pCIAW dI lMbweI nUM dUjy pCIAW dI lMbweI nwl mu`K r`K ky izkr kIqw igAw hY[ ijvyN icVI (1524 sYNtImItr), koiel (1778, 2032 sYN), bulbul (2032 sYN),mYnw (22-86 sYN), kbUqr (3302 sYN) iq`qr (3302 sYN), kW (4318 sYN), ie`lH (6096 sYN), b`qK (6096 sYN), pyToN murgI (4572-76-2sYN), igrJ (9144 sYN)[ iksy vI pCI dI pihcwx aus dy icnHW, ijvyN aus dI cuj, dum, klgI jW aus dy rg 'qy inrBr krdI hY[ pCIAW leI isAwsI h`dW koeI mqlb nhIN r`KdIAW[ jdoN AsIN kSmIr sbDI pCIAW dw izkr krdy hW qW aus ivc Bwrq Aqy pwiksqwn ivcwly dovyN kSmIrW ivc ivcrdy pCIAW dw izkr hI smJxw cwhIdw hY[ iesy leI jdoN vI koeI pCI-ivigAwnI ilKdw hY qW aus dI ieh Bwvnw pRbl hY ik ies dw koeI isAwsI lwhw nhIN hY[

kSmIr smu`cI dunIAW leI gOrv dw pRqIk hY ik ieQy kwdr dI kudrq dy rUbrU pCIAW dw KUbsUrq ic`qRx vI aujwgr hoieAw hY[ pCI ivigAwnIAW dw ieh vI dwAvw hY ik dUsry SihrW Aqy ksibAW ivc lgwqwr trYiPk vDx kwrn, pYdw hoey pRdUSx nwl pCI gwauxw vI Bu`l rhy hn Aqy boly ho rhy hn[ keI pCI qW kwrW, b`sW, iejxW Aqy mobwiel PonW qoN inkldIAW AwvwzW vrgIAW AwvwzW k`Fx l`g pey hn[ pCI ivigAwnIAW dw ivcwr hY ik sB qoN v`fI icqw dw ivSw ieh hY ik ienHW pCIAW dIAW nslW Kqm ho skdIAW hn ikauNik Asl AwvwzW qoN ht ky nvIAW AwvwzW jW DunW k`Fx krky ieh pCI Awpxy ivroDI (nr jW mwdw) pCI nUM Awpxy v`l iK`cx qoN AsmrQ ho jwxgy Aqy ienHW dy nw imlx kwrn, nvIN AOlwd pYdw nhIN ho skygI[ ies qrHW dw AiDAYn ieglYNf dy pCI-ivigAwnIAW ny kuJ smW pihlW kIqw sI[ inaUzIlYNf dy pCI-ivigAwnIAW v`loN kIqy AiDAYn Anuswr AwvwzI pRdUSx kwrn cihchwaux vwly pCIAW dI igxqI kwPI Gt geI hY[ AOklYNf XnIvristI dy pRoPYsr jo pCIAW dIAW AwvwzW bwry mwihr mny jWdy hn, dw kihxw hY ik hryk gIq gwaux vwly pCI dy b`cy Awpxy v`ifAW qoN ausy qrHW dy gIq is`Kdy hn ijvyN AsIN mW-bwp koloN bolxw is`Kdy hW[ kSmIr ivc pCIAW dI igxqI sYNkiVAW ivc hY[ ieQy pihlI vyr pCIAW dI ivsQwr nwl jwxkwrI, pCInwmw' dy isrlyK hyT pjwbI sswr dy ipAwirAW Aqy Kws kr b`icAW leI pihlI vyr dy irhw hW[ ies ivc koeI hYrwnI nhIN ik grm, KuSk, bwrS Awid vwly iK`iqAW dy pCIAW dy rihx-sihx vI v`Kry hudy hn[ ieh Awpxy v`Kry vwqwvrx ivc ivcrdy hn ijvyN phwVI, jglW, hyTly jglW jW ryigsqwnW ivc[

Bwrq Aqy d`KxI-pUrbI eySIAw, sswr dy CyvyN v`fy pRwxI BUgoilk iK`iqAW dy zumry ivc AwauNdw hY[ ienHW pCIAW dI smwnqw sswr dy dUjy dySW dy pCIAW nwl Awm imldI hY[ kSmIr ivc rih rhy pCIAW dI smwnqw bhuqI krky BwrqI-cIn dy iK`iqAW ivc rihdy pCIAW nwl myl KWdI hY ikauNik ienHW ivckwr phwVW dw islislw lgwqwr bxdw irhw hY[ kyvl Bwrq aup mhWdIp ivc ies smyN iek hzwr qoN v`D pCI hn[ BwvyN kSmIr ivc kwPI pCI hn pr iPr vI kuJ Aijhy pCI hn jo pUry sswr ivc vyKy jWdy hn[

pCIAW dy nW r`Kx dI vI iek qrqIb hY, iSkwr, au`lU Aqy kW pCI qW pUry sswr ivc vyKy jWdy hn[ ies ivc koeI AqkQnI nhIN ik sB qoN KUbsUrq Aqy mnmohxy iq`qr/ckOr pirvwr dy mYNbr kSmIr Aqy ihmwilAw ivc hI imldy hn[ hr pCI nUM vrg (Awrfr), kul (PYimlI) Aqy pRjwqI (jInz) ivc vifAw jWdw hY[ pihlw nW pRjwqI hudw hY Aqy dUjw nW jwqI (spIsIz) dw hudw hY[ jykr ieko vwqwvrx ivc kuJ pCI Kws vKryvW pRgt krdy hn qW aus iek`ly nUM aup jwqI (sb-spIsIz) dw qIjw nW id`qw jWdw hY[

bhuqy pCI iksy Kws vwqwvrx ivc rihdy hn Aqy AsIN Awm qOr 'qy aunHW nUM vwr vwr ivcrdy vyKdy hW[ bhuqy jIv-kwrk dy Anukl auh pCI Awpxy Awp nUM Fwldy hn[ auh iesy vwqwvrx ivc b`cw kSI, Kwx-pIx, AwlHxy zrUrI smJdy hn[ ies Aws-pws nUM pCI dy qurq rihx-sihx nUM Awvws' (invws sQwn) AwiKAw jWdw hY[ iesy Awvws ivc BwvyN auh phwVI jgl, pwxIAW, JwVIAW jW Ku`lHy mYdwn hox, pCI dIAW AwpxIAW ivSyqweIAW hudIAW hn[ keI pCIAW ivc bVI nyVqw hudI hY ijvyN mYgpeI roibn Aqy SwmW v`Kry v`Kry Awvws iv`c rihdy hn pr ieko bwg, pwrk jW jgl ivc ivcrdy hn[ kSmIr dy bhuqy ipfW, SihrW ivc mYnW, Gryl kW, icVIAW, qoqy Awid kwSq kIqIAW zmInW Aqy bulbul, kbUqr, sUrjI pCI pwrkW qy bwgW ivc Awm vyKy jWdy hn[


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