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rocket1_100.jpg (2616 bytes)rwkt ikvyN bixAw
- drSn isG
newton1_120.jpg (6800 bytes)

inaUtn

rwkt qy jY`t hvweI jhwzW dI iQaUrI Aqy km bVy swvyN isDWq 'qy inrBr hn[ ieh hY inaUtn dw qIjw isDWq[ iksy vsq 'qy jdoN koeI AYkSn (ikirAw) hudw hY qW ies dy ault auqnI hI qwkq aus vsq 'qy nwl hI rIAYkSn (pRqI-ikirAw)   hudw hY[ ijnI qwkq nwl AYkSn   kIqw jWdw hY Aqy AYkSn dI idSw qoN rIAYkSn dI idSw 180 ifgrI 'qy ArQwq ibkul ault idSw ivc hudI hY[

iesy AwDwr 'qy inaUtn ny keI qjrby kIqy, ijs nwl ieh isDWq brwbr auqirAw[ ijvyN hvw dw BirAw iek gubwrw lY lvo Aqy aus dy isry ƒ Awpxy h`Q ivc pkV lE[ gubwry ivc jo hvw hY, auh gubwry dI swrI AdrlI sqih 'qy ieko ijhI qwkq lgw rhI hudI hY[ jd ieh hvw C`fI jWdI hY qW gubwrw hvw dI idSw dy ault auqnI hI qwkq nwl au`fdw hY ijqnI qwkq nwl hvw gubwry ivcoN bwhr inkldI hY[ gubwry ƒ ault idSw ivc jwx ƒ irAYkSn kihdy hn Aqy gubwry ivcoN hvw inklx ƒ AYkSn kihdy hn[

jet-engine1_250.jpg (21125 bytes)rwkt qy jY`t hvweI jwhwz eysy hI AwDwr 'qy c`ldy hn[ pr AslIAq ivc jY`t iejn ivc hvw Brn nwl kuJ nhIN bxdw ArQwq hvw jldI hI Kqm ho jwvygI[ ies qru`tI ƒ dUr krn leI jY`t iejn ivc qyl jwilAw jWdw hY[ ies qyl dIAW qPwnI bldIAW gYsW iejn ivcoN ijqnI qwkq nwl bwhr inkldIAW hn auqnI hI qwkq nwl jY`t iejn aultI idSw v`l jWdw hY[ ieh hI isDWq rwkt dw hY[ ijqnI qwkq nwl bldIAW gYsW Q`ly ƒ inklxgIAW auqnI hI qwkq nwl rwkt aupr ƒ (ault idSw) v`l jwvygw[ AiqSbwzI jo AsIN dIvwlI vwlI idn clwauNdy hW, ienHW ƒ vI imnI rwkt kih skdy hW[ ies ivc gn pwaUfr jlx nwl ijqnI zor nwl gYsW Q`ly ƒ inkldIAW hn, auqnI hI qwkq nwl AwiqSbwzI aupr ƒ jWdI hY[

rakit1_200.jpg (17249 bytes)iesy isDWq dy AwDwr 'qy qwirAW q`k pu`jx dy supny dyKy sn iek rUsI swiesdwn ny, ijnHW dw nW sI qsIElkovskI[ 19vIN sdI ivc hI ieh qwirAW q`k pu`jx sbDI skl ivc pVHwauNdy hoey qjrby krdy rhy[ 1883 ivc, pihly hvweI jhwz bxn qoN pihlW aunHW ny KlwA ivc jwx ArQwq qwirAW q`k pu`jx leI swiesdwnW nwl v`K v`K p`KW 'qy ivcwr kIqI sI[ qwirAW q`k pu`jx dy sbD ivc aunHW iek iQaUrI (isDWq) dw ivkws vI kIqw, ijs ivc rwkt ƒ A`g lwaux qoN pihlW qyl smyq aus dw Bwr qy qyl mu`kx qoN ip`CoN aus dy Bwr dI Anupwq dI vrqoN kIqI geI sI[ iesy hI iQaUrI dy AwDwr 'qy qsIElkovskI ny bUstr rwkt bwry soicAw qW jo DrqI dI iK`c dw mukwblw krky KlwA ivc jwieAw jw sky Bwv mltIstyj rwkt dw pRXog hI Xog smiJAw[ A`j rwktW sbDI ieh ivDI hI ApxweI hoeI hY[ aus ny 2017 sn leI iek pisjr rwkt tryn bwry vI ikAws kIqw sI[ aus dy Anumwn Anuswr aus rwkt dI lMbweI 90 mItr hovygI qy 20 styjW hoxgIAW[ aus ny ies p`KoN keI qjrby vI kIqy[ aunHW dI mOq 1935 ivc ho geI pr auh rwkt ƒ qwirAW q`k pu`jx leI rsqw zrUr d`s gey[ A`j rwktW dy rwkt DrqI duAwly GumI jw rhy hn jo v`K v`K iksmW dy qjrby krI jWdy hn[ ieh hI rwkt hn jo dyS ivdyS tYlIPon krn Aqy v`K v`K tIvI cYnl dyKx ivc shweI hn[ A`j AwdmI rwkt dI vrqoN krky cd q`k phuc igAw Aqy hor qwirAW q`k pu`jx qy Koj krn ivc juitAw hoieAw hY[

polwirs imzweIl dw ivkws ikvyN hoieAw

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vI-2 rwkt

vrqmwn rwkt iksm dw hiQAwr sB qoN pihlW dUjI ivSv jg ivc jrmnI ny vriqAw[ ies rwkt dw nW vI-2 sI[ PrWs qy hwlYNf ivc imQIAW QwvW qoN ieh vI-2 rwkt ijnHW 'c bhuq qwkq vwlw bwrUd BirAw hudw sI, lMfn dy ivru`D dwgy gey sn[

dUjI ivSv jg qoN bwAd AmrIkw qy sovIAq XnIAn ny bhuq v`fy qy bhuq suKm rwkt bxwey[ ieh rwkt hzwrW iklomItr dUr jw skdy hn[ ienHW imzweIlW ƒ ietrktInYNtl bwilstk imzweIl kihdy sn[ Bwv iek mhWdIp qoN dUjy mhWdIp 'qy vI mwr krn dI smrQ[ ienHW dw ifzweIn ies qrHW dw iqAwr kIqw igAw sI ik ieh Awpxy nwl AYtwimk qy hweIfrojn bb iljw skdIAW sn[ ienHW dovyN dySW ny imzweIlW Kws Kws QwvW 'qy iP`t kIqIAW hoeIAW sn qW jo lVweI SurU hox 'qy qbwhI leI vrqIAW jw skx[ ienHW QwvW ijQy ieh imzweIlW iP`t kIqIAW sn, aus QW vI imzweIlW nwl hmlw kIqw jw skdw sI qy bhuq BwrI nukswn kIqw jw skdw sI[

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poloirs imzweIl

ies Kqry ƒ dUr krn leI AmrIkw ny pxfu`bIAW dw iek byVw iqAwr kIqw sI, ijnHW dw ifzweIn ies qrHW dw sI ik ieh ietrktInYNtl bilsitk imzeIlW (AweIsIbIAYmz) ƒ nwl iljw skdIAW sn Aqy pwxI ivcoN hI hmlw kr skdIAW sn[ ieh imzweIlW jo pwxI ivcoN vwr krdIAW sn, aunHW ƒ poloirs imzweIlW kihdy sn[ sB qoN v`fI imzweIl 5000 iklomItr dw sPr krky vwr krdI sI[ pxf`ubIAW ivc imzweIlW ƒ iP`t krn dw ieh Pwiedw sI ik duSmx ƒ iksy Kws smyN ieh nhIN pqw l`g skdw sI ik imzweIl ik`Qy hY ArQwq imzweIl nSt nhIN sI kIqI jw skdI[ ieh imzweIlW iksy vI vyly dunIAW dy iksy vI swgr ivcoN dunIAW ivc ikqy vI hmlw kr skdIAW sn[

sovIAq XnIAn, ieglYNf Aqy PrWs kol vI ieh poloirs imzweIlW hn jo pxfu`bIAW 'qy iP`t kIqIAW hoeIAW hn qy pwxI ivcoN hI vwr kr skdIAW hn[

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darya1.jpg (3265 bytes) Awpxy ivcwr swnUM ilKo

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