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ieiqhwsk pMny

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chauhan1_100.jpg (3783 bytes)lONgovwl Aqy ipRQvI rwj cOhwn dw Kwndwn
- blbIr cd lONgovwl

pjwb dy ivdvwnW ny ''pjwbI swihq smIiKAw borf'' dI Cqr CwieAw hyT ipf lONgovwl dy pRis`D swihqkwr Aqy ieiqhwskwr igAwnI igAwn isG jI bwry 1960 eIsvI ivc iek Koj BrpUr pusqk CwpI Aqy lONgovwl ivc ies pusqk n pjwb dy is`iKAw qy BwSw mqrI pifq Amr nwQ ividAwlMkwr jI ny irlIz kIqw[ ies pusqk ivc 'dul`t' vS dw ipCvwVw d`sidAW mwlvy dy pRis`D Kojkwr sq c`krvrqI jI ny iliKAw hY ik dul`t Asl ivc ipRQI rwj cOhwn dy Kwndwn ivcoN hn[

igAwnI igAwn isG ny vI Awpxy gRQ 'pQ pRkwS' dy Aq ivc AwpxI ku`l dw ipCvwVw id`qw hY[ aunHW Anuswr aunHW dw ip`Cw cOhwn Kwndwn dy pRis`D rwjy ipRQvI rwj cOhwn (rwey ipQOrw) nwl imldw hY[ jdoN 1192 eI: ivc muhmd gOrI ny qrYx dI lVweI ivc ipRQvI rwj n igRPqwr kr ilAw qW rwie bIrw qurkW dy h`Q nw AwieAw[ rwie ipQOrw Aqy rwie bIrw do sky Brw sn[ id`lI dw rwj rwie ipQOrw dy ADIn Aqy Awgry dw rwj rwie bIrw dy ADIn sI[ ipRQvI rwj dIAW qurkW nwl s`q lVweIAW hoeIAW[ Cy lVweIAW ivc qW auh ij`qdw irhw Aqy s`qvIN ivc auh kYd ho igAw[ rwie bIrw dy Gr vwlI svrnI ny aus n qwAnw mwirAw, ''q mYn Awpxw qihmq dy Aqy Awp G`grI pw lY[ q Awpxy BweI n kYd ivcoN Cufw nhIN sikAw[ mYN aus n Cufw ky ilAwauNdI hW[''   auh Srm mn ky qur igAw[ aus pws 1900 svwr sn[ qurdw iPrdw Atk phuc igAw[ auQy nrdIn mlwh ny aus n d`isAw ik qyrw Brw qW iqn idn pihlW mwr id`qw igAw hY[ aus dIAW A`KW k`FIAW hoeIAW sn Aqy KUn coNdw jWdw sI[ auh ienHW SokgRsq ho igAw ik muV ky Gr nhIN igAw Aqy sunwm dy lwgy jglW ivc rihx l`g ipAw[ sunwm dw ksbw gu`jr kOm dI iek rwxI suienw ny Awbwd kIqw sI[ auh rwxI Awpxy pqI dI mOq auprq rwj Bwg dw swrw km bhuq izmyvwrI nwl inBw rhI sI[ auh bhuq dwnI qy isAwxI AOrq sI[ aus ny rwie bIrw n Awpxy pws r`K ilAw[ aunHW simAW ivc rwijAW n Awpxy rwj dI r`iKAw Aqy rwj ivc db-dbw r`Kx leI qkVy zorwvrI krn vwly ivAkqIAW dI loV rihdI sI[

chauhan-yaadgar1_150.jpg (15935 bytes)

ipRQvI rwj cOhwn Xwdgwr

svrnI ny rwie bIrw n swl Br qW aufIikAw[ iPr auh Bwl krn leI 100 svwr lY ky pjwb v`l qur peI[ sunwm dy jglW ivc k`sI dy aurly pwsy Qyh 'qy aus dw pqI iml igAw[ rwie bIrw ny aus n swrI khwxI suxweI[ auh auQy hI jglW ivc rihx l`g pey[ ieQy hI rwie bIrw dy Gr s`q pu`qr pYdw hoey ijnHW dy nW sUr rwie, Dwr rwie, kYNbo rwie, bn rwie, lONgo rwie, gzwxw rwie Aqy bf Awxw rwie sn[ rwie bIrw AwpxI Adwlq ivc pyS hox vwly mudeI Aqy mu`dw-Alih donW n lu`t lYNdw[ ies krky hI aus dw nW dolu`t (dohW n lu`tx vwlw) pY igAw qy hOlI hOlI bdl ky dul`t bx igAw[ kuJ ieiqhwskwrW ny rwie bIrw dy pu`qrW dy nW sUrDwr, kYNboDwr, bxDwr, lONgoDwr rwjw Dwr, rwxI Dwr Aqy bixAwxI Dwr ilKy hn[

bfbr n jWdy K`by h`Q k`sI qoN aurly pwsy luhAwrI vwly Qyh 'qy rwxIDwr rihdw sI[ rwjDwr c`TyAwxy dy KyqW vwly Qyh 'qy rihdw sI[ sUrDwr Awp mwirAw igAw sI[ aus dI rwxI pIrU ky kwky dy KyqW kol rihdI sI[ kYNboDwr ijQy hux gurduAwrw kYNbovwl hY, auQy rihdw sI[ bxDwr sUey qoN A`gy hrIdws vwly fyry dy K`by pwsy Qyh 'qy rihdw sI[ lONgoDwr, ijQy hux Adrlw KUh hY auQy aucy it`ly 'qy rihdw sI Aqy bixAwnI Dwr iJVI ivc rihdw sI ijQy pihlW vifAwxI p`qI vwly rihdy sn[

rwxIDwr muslmwnW n mwrdw hudw sI[ aus pws bhuq Dn sI Aqy auh KoihAw Dn iek KUh ivc su`tdw rihdw sI[ AwpxI sYnw n auh AwKdw sI ik ieh AslI Kzwnw hY, jdoN loV peI k`F lvWgy[

hOlI hOlI ipRQvI rwj cOhwn dy vS (dul`tW) dI AOlwd pjwb dy bhuq swry ipfW ivc PYl geI[ aunHW ivcoN keIAW ny nrpur dy rwjy pws jw ky nOkrI kr leI[ 'mweIAw' Aqy 'mwlI' vrigAW ny AwpxI jwq dw nW kwiem r`Kx leI btwly kol dul`t nW dw ipf vI vswieAw[ bhuq swry dul`t AimRq Ck ky isG bx gey[ rwie bIry jW dul`t dy pu`qr poqry vD jwx nwl aunHW ny sunwm dy ielwky ivc keI ipf vsw ley[ bhuq mShUr kYNbovwl, c`Ty, auplI Aqy lONgovwl hn[

ies qrHW lONgovwl ivc rihx vwly dul`tW dw pirvwrk ipCokV ipRQvI rwj cOhwn dy Kwndwn nwl jw imldw hY[ iesy pirvwr ivcoN hI A`gy SRomxI is`K ShId BweI mnI isG hoey hn Aqy pRis`D is`K ieiqhwskwr igAwnI igAwn isG vI iesy pirvwr nwl sbDq sn[

AOrgzyb dy kmzor auqr-AiDkwrIAW smyN jdoN mulk ivc bhuq bd-AmnI PYlI Aqy nwdrSwh Aqy AihmdSwh vrgy inrdeI hmlwvrW ny mulk n lu`t ky brbwd krnw SurU kr id`qw qW dul`tW n vI bhuq swrw nukswn pu`jw[ aunHW dy keI ipf au`jV gey[ aunHW dI b`JvIN vsoN KyrU KyrU ho geI[ lONgovwl vI au`jV igAw[

jdoN Awlw isG ny Awpxw rwj sQwpq kIqw qW aus dI nzr F`Ty aujVy lONgovwl 'qy peI[ aus ny dul`tW n ieh purwxw pRis`D ngr muV vswaux leI pRyrnw id`qI[ dul`tW ny smq 1806 (1749 eI) n lONgovwl muV Awbwd kr ilAw[

ies qrHW ieiqhwsk ngrI Aqy 52 ShIdW dI DrqI lONgovwl dy mu`Fly nwgirkW dul`tW dw ipCokV ipRQvI rwj cOhwn dy Kwndwn nwl sbDq hY[


hor ieiqhwsk lyK:
ihMdusqwn dy ieiqhws ivc mhwrwjw rxjIq isMG dI munwisb jgHw - ABY isMG
suBwS cMdr bos dI DI "AnIqw p&" -hrdIp mwn, AstrIAw
nyqw jI subwS cmdr bos - fw: guridAwl isMG rwey
hrmMdr swihb qyy mhwrwjw rxjIq isMG - nwjr isMG
pMjwb ivc mhwn ienklwb dI pihlI jQybMdI, kUkw lihr - Bgq isMG
ShId Bgq isMG dw is`KI isdk - hrijMdr kMvl
ShId aUDm isMG - suKdyv is`DU
zPrnwmw - sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI

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