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011103_gurmat-sangeet2_100.jpg (4120 bytes)gurmiq sgIq dy ssQwpk gurU Agd dyv
- fw gurnwm isG

sRI gurU Agd dyv jI dy jIvn drSn sbDI pRcilq ieiqhwsk hvwilAW qy bwxI PurmwnW qoN pRq`K hY ik BweI lihxy dy rUp ivc Awp nMU gurU nwnk dyv jI ny jo Apwr bKiSSW kIqIAW, auh bKiSSW siqgur dy inrml pQ dIAW isPqW dy rUp ivc 'Kwlsw pQ' vjoN pRPu`lq hoeIAW[ BweI gurdws jI Anuswr:

QwipAw lihxw jIvdy, guirAweI isir CqR iPrwieAw]
joqI joiq imlwie kY, siqgur nwnk rUp vtwieAw]
lK n koeI skeI, Awcrjy Awcrj idKwieAw,
kwieAw plit srUp bxwieAw]

- (vwr 1, pauVI 45)

011103_guru-angad1_150.jpg (9246 bytes)BweI lihxy nMU gurU Agd dyv rUp ivc Qwpx dI ies pRikirAw qoN hI is`K Drm dy ivkws dI buinAwd r`KI geI[ syvw, SrDw, smrpx qy BgqI Bwv dy puj, BweI lihxw ny gurU Agd rUp ivc gurU nwnk swihb dy inAwry qy inrml pQ nMU AgWh clwaux leI pUrn pRiqb`Dqw nwl is`K Drm dI sQwpqI qy ivkws ivc Aihm AwriBk BUimkw inBweI[ gurU Agd dyv jI ny gurU nwnk dyv jI dI bwxI dI sBwl, gurmuKI ilpI dy ivkws qy isKlweI kwrj kIqw:

AKr rc ky gurmuKI iPr isKn pVwey
gur kI bwxI Ar kQw ienmY ilKvwey

- (BweI gXwn isG jI gXwnI, pQ pRkwS, BwSw ivBwg pjwb, 1970, pnw 80)

gurU Gr dI Sbd kIrqn prprw dy ivkws ivc vI Awp jI dw mh`qvpUrn Xogdwn irhw[ gurU Agd dyv jI dIAW bKiSSW Aqy mhwn kwrjW dy bKwn ivc Ajy q`k gurmiq sgIq pRqI aunHW dw Xogdwn vDyry ivcwr crcw dw ivSw nhIN bx sikAw[ iesy audyS ihq AsIN gurU Agd dyv jI duAwrw gurU Gr dI kIrqn prprw dy ivkws ivc pwey ivSyS Xogdwn sbDI ieh AwriBk ivcwr CyVI hY[

bwxI dI rcnw: gurmiq sgIq dI rwgwqmk Sbd kIrqn prprw dy sdrB ivc vwcIey qW gurU Agd dyv jI ny mhlw 1, 2 Aqy mhlw 3 duAwrw 9 rwgW ADIn ricq vwrW ADIn bwxI aucwrI[ Awp ny rwg isrI ADIn 2 slok (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 83, 89); rwg mwJ ADIn 12 slok, (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 138-150); rwg Awsw ADIn 15 slok (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 463-475); rwg sorT ADIn iek slok (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 653); rwg sUhI ADIn 11 slok, (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 787-792); rwg rwmklI ADIn 7 slok (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 954-955); rwg mwrU ADIn 1 slok (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 1093); rwg swrg ADIn 9 slok (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 1237-1245); rwg mlwr ADIn 5 slok (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 1279-1290) dI rcnw kIqI[

Sbd kIrqn qy kIrqn cONkIAW dw ivkws: is`K Drm dy bwnI swihb sRI gurU nwnk dyv jI ny cwr audwsIAW smyN jlMdy jgq nMU qwrn Aqy lokweI nMU soDx ih`q BweI mrdwnw dy rbwb dI mDur Jnkwr ivc Sbd dw ielwhI kIrqn kIqw[ ies Sbd kIrqn qoN is`K Drm dI vrqmwn suqqr dy mOilk sgIq prprw 'gurmiq sgIq' dw audY hoieAw[ auprq ies kIrqn dI Drmswl ivc mirAwdq rUp ivc sQwpqI leI krqwrpur swihb ivKy Sbd kIrqn dI rIq clweI geI[

gurU Agd dyv jI ny gurU nwnk swihb duAwrw AwrB kIqI gurU Gr dI kIrqn prprw dy inrqr ivvhwrk pRcln duAwrw, bwxI dw pRvwh clwieAw[ ies duAwrw Sbd kIrqn prprw dy 'SYlIgq-rUp' dw inrqr ivkws hoieAw[ gurmiq sgIq ivc rwgW dy smyN Anuswr nwmWkx kIqIAW kIrqn cONkIAW dI ivSyS prprw hY ijvyN ik Awsw dI vwr dI cONkI, iblwvl dI cONkI, swrg dI cONkI, kilAwx dI cONkI, kwnVy dI cONkI Awid[ kIrqn cONkIAW dI ieh prprw drbwr swihb hirmdr swihb Aqy hor ieiqhwsk gurduAwirAW ivc inrqr rUp ivc pRcilq hY[

kIrqn cONkIAW dI ies prprw dw v`K v`K gurU swihbwn duAwrw inrqr ivkws hoieAw[ ienHW kIrqn cONkIAW dI ies prprw dw iviSSt sgIq ivDwn qy mOilk sgIqk srUp hY[ ienHW kIrqn cONkIAW dI pySkwrI, ieiqhwsk ivkws Aqy kIrqn-sm`grI dw iek ivSwl Kzwnw 'gurmiq sgIq' dI kIrqn-ivrwsq dw Aihm ih`sw hY[ kIrqn cONkIAW dI ies prprw dy pRcln qy ssQwgq rUp ivc sQwpqI ih`q gurU Agd dyv jI dw ivSyS AwrBk Xogdwn irhw hY[

BweI kwnH isG nwBw dy kQn Anuswr ''AimRq vyly Awsw dI vwr gwaux dI rIq vI BweI lihxw jI (gurU Agd dyv) ny gurU nwnk swmI dI AwigAw Anuswr krqwrpur ivKy sQwpnw kIqI[ (gurmiq mwrqf, Bwg pihlw, pnw 300)

'pQ pRkwS' dy iek hvwly Anuswr:

sRI Agd guru Awid kI sB rIiq sBwrI[
FrI insw qy jwg ky lw bYTy qwrI[
AimRq vyly Awieky iPr sBw mJwry[
Awswvwr pRym sy sunhI muD Dwry[
(BweI gXwn isG jI gXwnI, pQ pRkwS, BwSw ivBwg pjwb 1970, pnw 80)

gurmiq sgIq dI krqwrpurI prprw ivc ipClI rwq Awsw dI vwr dw gwien qIsry pihr dw kIrqn Aqy aus qoN bwAd sodr AwrqI dI kIrqn cONkI dw pRcln gurU nwnk dyv jI dy kwl qoN hI AwrB ho igAw sI[ (igAwn rqnwvlI jnm swKI sRI gurU nwnk dyv jI, (spw jsbIr isG swbr), gurU nwnk dyv XnIvristI, AimRqsr, 1993, pnw 614-15)

BweI gurdws jI ny AwpxI bwxI ivc ies sbDI aulyK ies qrHW kIqw hY:

sodr AwrqI gwvIAY AimRq vyly jpu aucwrw (vwr 1, pauVI 38)

slok SYlI dy gwien-ivkws ivc Xogdwn: gurmiq sgIq prprw ivc slok gwien SYlI dw ivl`Kx rUp hY[ sdIAW dy ivvhwrk pRcln duAwrw gurU Gr dI kIrqn prprw ivc 'slok' Ainb`D rUp ivc gwien kIqy jwx dI qknIk hY[ mglwcrx qy bdnw, slok SYlI dw hI kIrqnI rUp hn[ 'Awsw dI vwr' dI ivvhwrk prprw ADIn vI slok sdIAW qoN ivSyS lYA Aqy Ainb`D rUp ivc gwey jWdy hn[ 'Awsw dI vwr' dI prprwgq purwqn rIq Anuswr slokW dy gwien smyN lYA bnHx leI, pKwvjI jW joVI vwlw pauVI qwl dw ivlMbq lYA ivc vwdn krdw hY[ ies qrHW gurbwxI dIAW vwrW dI kIrqn pRsquqI, slokW Aqy pauVIAW dy sjog qoN SYlIgq p`Dr qy ivSyS rUp ivc pRcilq qy srUipq hoeI hY[

kIrqnkwrW dI Grwxydwr prprw dw AwrB: gurU Agd dyv jI ny krqwrpur qoN bwAd is`KI dy kyNdr Kfr swihb ivKy kIrqn dI ivSyS pRQw clweI ijs ADIn prbIn sgIqkwrW dI rbwbI SRyxI nMU gurU Gr nwl pIFy qOr 'qy joVn dw pRwrB kIqw[ BweI mrdwnw jI qoN bwAd BweI sjwdw (BweI Sihzwd) Aqy ivSyS rUp ivc BweI blvf dw nW vrxnXog hY[ jdoN gurU nwnk dyv jI ny gurU Agd dyv jI nMU guirAweI bKSI qW rwie blvf, gurU Agd dyv jI nwl hI Kfr swihb Awey[

bwAd ivc gurU Amrdws Aqy gurU Arjn dyv jI dy kwl ivc rwie blvf ny rbwbI BweI s`qw jI nwl iml ky kIrqn dI syvw inBweI[ Awp duAwrw ricq bwxI nMU gurU swihb ny 'Sbd gurU' sRI gurU gRQ swihb ivc ivSyS sQwn id`qw jo 'rwmklI kI vwr rwie blvf qQw sqY fim AwKI' (gurU gRQ swihb, pnw 966) dy isrlyK hyT drj hY[ ienHW ieiqhwsk hvwilAW qoN spSt hY ik gurU Gr ny kIrqnIAW nMU BrpUr srpRsqI duAwrw invwijAw[ gurU Agd dyv jI nwl kIrqIey dy rUp ivc rbwbI BweI blvf dw Kfr swihb ivKy Awaux nwl gurU Gr ivKy kIrqnIAW dI iek ivSwl Grwxydwr prprw srUpq qy pRP`ulq hoeI[

siKpq rUp ivc aukq ivcwr qoN spSt hY ik gurmiq sgIq dI ivvhwrk prprw dI ssQwgq rUp ivc sQwpqI dw m`uF bnHx ivc gurU Agd dyv jI dw mh`qvpUrn Xogdwn irhw hY[ Awp ny gurU Gr dy kIrqn dI krqwrpurI prprw nMU ivsQwr ididAW 'kIrqn cONkI prprw' dy mOilk srUp nMU ivsQwr pRdwn kIqw[ kIrqnkwrW nMU Awp ny ivSyS srpRsqI id`qI[ slok SYlI ivc v`K-v`K rwgW ADIn bwxI aucwrI[ bwxI dIAW vwrW dy kIrqn gwien dy rUp ivc 'slok SYlI' dy kIrqn-gwien dy pRcln ivc gurU Agd dyv jI dI bwxI dw ivSyS sQwn hY jo is`K Drm dI mOilk, iviSSt qy smirD kIrqn SYlI 'Awsw dI vwr' ivc slokW dy gwien qoN ivSyS rUp ivc srUpq hudI hY[

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Awpxy ivcwr swnUM ilKo

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