darya1.jpg (3265 bytes)
5abi.com

sooraj1.jpg (12333 bytes)

sMprk
chetna@5abi.com

181102_nanak1-100.jpg (2674 bytes)is`K Drm dy bwnI gurU nwnk dyv jI
- hrbs isG

sUrjvSI rwjw rGU qoN bwAd rwjw A`j qy iPr rwjw dSrQ hoey[ dSrQ dy v`fy pu`qr rwm jI dy do pu`qr hoey ijnHW ivcoN lv ny lwhOr Aqy kuS ny ksUr Sihr vsw ky rwj kIqw[ aunHW dIAW keI pIVHIAW bIqx mgroN lv dy q^q 'qy kwl rwey Aqy kuS dI g`dI 'qy kwl kyq rwjw hoey[ ienHW dw Awpo ivc bhuq icr qk jg hudw irhw[ Aq ƒ kwl rwey ny kwl kyq ƒ ij`q ilAw qy pjwb 'coN k`F id`qw[ auh AwpxI POj sxy lu`tmwr krdw snOF dyS clw igAw[ auQoN dy rwjy dI DI nwl SwdI kr ky auQy hI vs igAw[ smW pw ky aunHW dy Gr soFI rwey nwmk lVkw pYdw hoieAw[ kuJ smW bIqx mgroN soFI rwey Awpxy ipqw dw vYr lYx leI pjwb 'qy cVH AwieAw[ Gor Xu`D hoieAw[ kwl rwey dw poqrw dyv rwey hwr igAw Aqy swQIAW smyq jwn bcw ky pjwboN n`s ky kwSI jw vyd ividAw pVHn lg pey[ vyd vkqw ho jwx krky aunHW dw nW vydI mShUr ho igAw[ smW pw ky auh bydI khwaux lg pey[ aunHW bydIAW dI kul ivc sn 1469 k`qk dI pUrnmwSI vwly idn (gurU) nwnk rwey ny Avqwr DwirAw[

NANAK.JPG (14211 bytes)iqn bydIAW dI ku`l ibKY pRgty nwnk rwie]
sB is`Kn ko su`K dey jh qh Bey shwie]

gurU nwnk jI is`K Drm dy bwnI mny jWdy hn[ is`K Drm dw pRcwr krn Aqy mnu`K jwqI ƒ siqnwm dw aupdyS dyx leI Awpxy dyS Aqy nwl lgdy dySW ivc is`K Drm dw pRcwr kr ky is`K sYNtr kwiem kIqy[ ies mqv leI aunHW cwr audwsIAW kIqIAW[

pihlI audwsI - pUrb dI iek`qI swl Awpxy pirvwr ivc rihx qoN bwAd sn 1500 ivc mnu`K jwqI ƒ siqnwm dw aupdyS dyx leI pihlI audwsI AwrBI[ sulqwnpur qoN ibAws ndI pwr kr ky keI ngrW qoN hudy hoey eymnwbwd BweI lwlo dy Gr jw phucy[ ieQy mlk Bwgo ƒ nyk kmweI krn dw aupdyS dy ky iPrdy-iPrWdy qulMbw phuc gey[ ieQy SyK s`jx dw itkwxw sI[ iehny rwhI, muswPrW dy Tihrn leI srW bxweI hoeI sI[ rwq ƒ aunHW ƒ mwr ky mwl Asbwb lu`t lYNdw sI[ gurU jI ny vI iesy srW ivc jw ky itkwxw kIqw[ rwq ƒ gurU jI qoN Sbd rwhIN aupdyS sux ky auhdw p`Qr ihrdw pGr igAw Aqy gurU jI dy crnIN if`g ipAw[ s`cw s`jx bx ky rwhI-muswPrW dI syvw krn dw pRx kIqw[

ieQoN pwkptn, kurUkSyqr, krnwl, pwxIpq qoN hirduAwr Aw gey[ ieQy lokW ƒ sUrj v`l mUh kr ky Awpxy ipqrW ƒ pwxI iddy hoey vyiKAw[ ienHW kurwhy pey lokW ƒ BrmW-vihmW qoN k`F ky s`c dw mwrg d`isAw[ hirduAwr qoN mQurw, virdwbn qoN gorKmqy Aw phucy[ ieQy is`K Drm bwry is`DW nwl goSt hoeI ijs ivc is`D hwr mn ky gurU jI dy crnIN Fih pey[ ies QW dw nW gorKmqw qoN nwnkmqw ho igAw[ nwnkmqy qoN AXu`iDAw, gXw, murSdwbwd dy rsqy Awswm dyS dy kwmrUp ielwky gohwtI Sihr Aw igAw[ ieQy jwdUgrnI nr Swh ny mrdwny ƒ jwdU rwhIN Awpxy v`s kr ilAw[ nr Swh ƒ jwdU tUxy C`f ky s`cy rwh 'qy c`lx dw aupdyS dy ky jgnnwQpurI qoN Awgrw qy ieQoN vwps sn 1508 sulqwnpur Aw gey[

dUjI audwsI - d`Kx dI lgpg do swl bqIq kr ky sn 1510 ivc gurU jI ny dUjI audwsI d`Kx v`l dI kIqI[ sulqwnpur qoN biTMfw, Btnyr (hnmwngVH) dy rsqy isrsw phucy[ isrsw muslmwn pIrW dw pRis`D itkwxw sI[ ieh pIr jwd-tUixAW rwhIN lokW dIAW murwdW pUrIAW krdy sn[ Kvwzw smsdIn Aqy Kvwzw hOsndIn pIrW nwl 40 idn dw iclw k`t ky ieh swbq kIqw ik s`cy nwm dI BgqI ivc hI SkqI hY[ lokW dI syvw ivc jIvn bqIq krn Aqy s`c dy mwrg 'qy c`lx dw aupdyS dy ky rwjpUqwny dw c`kr lw ky iedOr phucy[ ivDIAwcl qy d`KxI jgl ivc iek AwdmKor BIl kOfw rwKS dw itkwxw sI[ ieh rwhI-muswPrW ƒ PV ky KwieAw krdw sI[ mrdwny ƒ vI PV ky Kwxw cwihAw pr gurU jI dw aupdyS sux ky ienswnW ƒ Kwx dI QW aunHW dI syvw qy ikrq kr ky jIvn guzwrn dw pRx kIqw[

nwgptn qoN smudr dy iknwry rwmySvr qoN sglwdIp (lMkw) jw phucy[ ieQoN dw rwjw iSvnwB ny guris`K BweI mnsuK pwsoN gurU jI dI bwbq bhuq kuJ sux r`iKAw sI[ gurU jI dw Awgmn sux ky rwjw drSnW leI AwieAw[ drSn kr ky qy aupdyS sux ky bVw pRBwvq hoieAw Aqy gurU jI dw is`K bx igAw[ smudr dy p`CmI Gwt dy nwl mwlwbwr, gujrwq Awid ielwikAW qoN hudy hoey isD qoN sulqwnpur qy krqwrpur sn 1514 ivc Awpxy pirvwr pws phuc gey[

qIjI audwsI - au`qr dI kuJ mhIny krqwrpur rihx qoN bwAd sn 1514 ivc au`qr idSw dy phwVI lokW ƒ siqnwm dw aupdyS dyx leI Xwqrw AwrB kr id`qI[ krqwrpur qoN jmU, sRIngr, bdrInwQ, hymkuf dy rsqy sumyr (kYlwS) prbq auuqy is`D mflI dy AsQwn 'qy mwnsrovr pws jw phucy[ is`DW ny gurU jI ƒ AwpxIAW krwmwqW rwhIN BYABIq Aqy v`s krn dw Xqn kIqw pr sPlqw nw hoeI[ aunHW ƒ sswr ivc rih ky krqwr dw nwm ismrn qy syvw kr ky jIvn bqIq krn dw aupdyS dy ky nypwl, is`km, BUtwn dw c`kr lw ky iq`bq dy rsqy vwps jmU Aw gey[ jmU qoN hyTW auqr ky ibAwsw pwr kr ky sulqwnpur qoN krqwrpur sn 1518 Awpxy AsQwn 'qy vwps Aw gey[

nanak2-200.jpg (12271 bytes)cOQI audwsI - p`Cm dI sn 1518 dy ipCly p`K ivc cOQI audwsI AwrB hoeI[ ies audwsI ivc Awp ny muslmwnI AsQwnW dI Xwqrw dw PYslw kIqw[ krqwrpur qoN qlvfI, ruhqwS, fyrw iesmweIl ^W, fyrw gwzI ^W, nOSrw, imTnkot qoN isD jw phucy[ ieQoN jQy nwl rl ky m`ky cly gey[ m`ky ivc muslmwnW dw pRis`D pUjnIk AsQwn kwbw hY[ gurU jI rwq ƒ kwby v`l pYr kr ky sON gey[ jIvn nW dy mu`lW ny gu`sy nwl AwiKAw ik q kOx kwiPr hYN ijhVw Kudw dy Gr v`l pYr kr ky su`qw hoieAw hY[ gurU jI ny bVI inrmweI nwl ikhw, ''mYN s&r dy QkyvyN kr ky lMmw ipAw hW[ mYƒ pqw nhIN ik Kudw dw Gr ik`Dr hY[ q swfy pYr auDr kr dyh ijDr Kudw dw Gr nhIN hY['' ieh sux ky jIvn ny bVy gu`sy nwl gurU jI dy pYr GsIt ky dUjy pwsy kr id`qy[ jd pYr C`f ky vyiKAw qW aus ƒ kwbw ausy pwsy hI nzr AwieAw[ ies qrHW aus ny dUjy pwsy pYr kIqy qW kwbw aus ƒ iPr auDr hI nzr AwieAw[ jIvn ny jd vyiKAw ik kwbw aunHW dy pYrW nwl hI iPr jWdw hY qW aus ny swrI g`l dUjy hwzIAW ƒ d`sI[ ieh sux ky bhuq swry kwzI, mOlwxw qy hor lok iek`Ty ho gey[ kwzI rukndIn Aqy hor hwzIAW nwl Awp jI dy keI pRSn-au`qr hoey[ ieh pu`Cx 'qy ik ihdU v`fw hY jW muslmwn gurU jI ny ikhw, ''SuiB AmlW bJhu donoN roeI['' ieh sux ky swry mOlwxy qy hwjI gurU jI dy crnIN if`g pey Aqy Awpxy v`D-G`t bolcwl leI muAwPI mgI[

gurU jI m`kw qoN mdInw qy iPr bgdwd gey[ ieQy gurU jI ny AimRq vyly siqnwm dI bWg id`qI qy mrdwnw dI rbwb 'qy kIrqn SurU kr id`qw[ ieh sux ky swry lok hYrwn ho gey ikauNik ieslwm ivc rwg dI mnwhI smJI jWdI hY[ auQoN dy hwkm ny gurU jI ƒ p`Qr mwr ky mwrn dw hukm id`qw[ gurU jI dy r`bI nr Bry ichry ƒ dyK ky p`Qr mwrn Awey lok TTMbr ky ruk gey[

bgdwd qoN ierwn, smrkd, b^wry dw c`kr lw ky drHw ^Ybr qoN lMG ky ipSwvr Awey[ nySYhry qoN hudy hoey hsn Abdwl phucy Aqy ipf dy bwhr phwVI hyT Aw bYTy[ ies phwVI 'qy vlI kDwrI dw itkwxw sI[ ies dy pws hI phwVI auqy ieko-iek pwxI dw cSmw inkldw sI[ mrdwny ƒ ipAws l`gx 'qy gurU jI ny aus ƒ vlI kDwrI pws pwxI leI ByijAw[ bhuq imnqW krn 'qy vI pwxI nw imilAw[ mrdwny ny gurU jI dy kihx 'qy siqnwm AwK ky iek p`Qr cu`k ky pry r`iKAw qW ies jgHw pwxI dw cSmw c`l ipAw ijs nwl phwVI auqoN vlI kDwrI dw cSmw bd ho igAw[ vlI kDwrI ny gu`sy ivc Aw ky AwpxI SkqI nwl phwVI qoN iek v`fI c`twn gurU jI v`l roVH id`qI[ gurU jI ny Awpxy h`Q nwl aus ƒ rok ilAw[ gurU jI dI SkqI vyK ky vlI kDwrI dw hkwr tu`t igAw qy phwVI qoN hyTW auqr ky gurU jI dy crnIN if`g ipAw Aqy muAwPI mgI[ aus ƒ hkwr iqAwg ky ienswnW nwl ipAwr qy dieAw krn dw aupdyS id`qw[ ieQy gurduAwrw pjw swihb sQwpq hY[

ieQoN cl ky rwvlipfI, jyhlm isAwlkot qoN SYdpur (eymnwbwd) Aw gey[ auDroN sn 1521 ivc bwbr POj lY ky SYdpur phuc igAw[ bwbr ny kql-ey-Awm Aqy lu`tmwr kr ky Sihr ƒ brbwd kr id`qw[ ijhVy bc gey, aunHW ƒ PV ky kYdI bxw ilAw[ gurU jI Aqy mrdwny ƒ vI kYdI bxw ky bwbr dy fyry lYjwieAw igAw[ gurU jI ny mOky muqwbk Sbd dw kIrqn kIqw ijs ƒ sux ky swry kYdI qy SwhI POjI vjd ivc Aw ky JUmx lg pey[ jd bwbr ƒ ies dw pqw l`gw qW auh gurU jI dy drSnW ƒ AwieAw[ bwbr ƒ gurU jI ivcoN ^udw dw dIdwr nzrIN AwieAw[ gurU jI qoN mwPI mgI qy aunHW dy kihx 'qy swry kYdIAW ƒ aunHW dy mwl-Asbwb sihq C`f id`qw[ gurU jI qoN AsIs mgI qy inAW vwlw rwj krn dw pRx kIqw[ eymnwbwd qoN psrUr dy rsqy sn 1522 ivc krqwrpur Awpxy pirvwr pws Aw gey[ ieQy Aw ky gurU jI ny PkIrI vys dy k`pVy auqwr ky gRihsQI bwxw pihn ilAw[ h`QIN ikrq krn Aqy nwm bwxI dy ismrn dw pRvwh clwieAw[ BweI lihxw ƒ gurU Agd dI pdvI dy ky 7 sqbr, 1539 ƒ joqI joq smw gey

darya1.jpg (3265 bytes)

Awpxy ivcwr swnUM il`Ko

(c)1999-2003, 5abi