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dl#t Ziq

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is`K qy jwqpwq
suKdyv is`DU

khanda1.gif (5744 bytes)


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suKdyv is`DU

suKdyv is`DU (jnm pihlI jnvrI 1955, kwgzW ivc ipMf au~Dovwl izlw jlMDr boldw hY pr Asl ivc isMGpur byt, sqluj dy kMFy, dw hY)[ bhuqI pVHweI nYSnl kwlj nkodr qoN hI kIqI[ 1977 ivc AYm.ey. pMjwbI (Kwlsw kwlj jlMDr) ivcy C`f ky vlYq Aw igAw sI[ ie`Qy Aw ky pihlW mzdUrI kIqI, QoVHw icr pVHwieAw vI[ ipCly pMdrW swlW qoN v`K v`K lokl kWaUislW ’c kMm krn qoN bwAd A`jkl sQwink kWaUisl ivKy hI sInIAr hwaUisMg A&sr hY[

kuJ icr pihlW lok s`Q dy nW hyT ieMglYNf dy kvIAW dI kivqw dw sMpwdn kIqw sI[ Aksr dys-ivdyS dy pricAW ivc Cpdw rihMdw hY[ kuJ swihqk Anuvwd vI kIqy hn[


ivSw sUcI

1. Awidkw 5. isDWqk ivroD 8. pMjwbI swihq
2. pCokV 6. is`K pMQ dw auBwr 8.1 vwrqk
3. muZl Awgmn 6.1 is`K lihr dw mMqv 8.2 kivqw
4. suDwrk lihrW 6.2 gurU nwnk dyv jI dIAW srgrmIAW 9. mOjUdw smwijk siQqI
4.1 bu`D Drm 6.3 dUsry gurUAW dy au`dm 10. dys-ivdyS ivc siQqI
4.2 BgqI lihr 6.4 gurU goibMd isMG dI dyx 11. isAwsqdwnW dw rv`eIAw
4.3 is`K lihr 7. smwijk brwbrI 12. somyN qy shwiek pusqkW
4.4 AOrqW dw drjw

1. Awidkw

jwqpwq BwrqI smwj dy m`Qy l`gw v`fw klMk hY[ ieh BwrqI smwj dI qr`kI ivc muSikl KVI krdI hY, BrwqrI sWJ ’c AiV`kw bxdI hY Aqy keI qrHW dIAW hor smwijk muSiklW vI pYdw krdI hY[ ies dy ivroD ivc pYdw hoeIAW suDwrk lihrW Awpxw Awpxw qwx lw cu`kIAW hn Aqy ies burweI nUM dUr krdIAW krdIAW iksy h`d q`k iesy dw iSkwr ho ky rih geIAW hn[

ieslwm Awpxy &ls&y dy blbUqy iK`c pwaNudw hY, pr ieh vI BwrqI aup-mhWdIp ivc jwqpwq dy Asr qoN bc nhIN sikAw[ eIsweI m`q vI ies qoN AxiB`j nw irhw; d`KxI Bwrq ivc nIvINAw jwqW vwilAW dy crc vI nIvIN QW hI bxdy hn[

bu`D Drm qy is`K Drm svdysI suDwrk lihrW sn[ dohW dw Asr jwqpwq nUM suDwrn vwlIAW lihrW vjoN Gtdw jw irhw hY[ bu`D Drm dUsry mulkW ivc PYilAw, pr Bwrq ’c sImq ho ky rih igAw hY[ is`K Drm dw AwDwr Kyqr, mu`K qOr ’qy, pMjwb jW pMjwbI vsoN q`k hI sImq hY[ ies dIAW vfyrIAW sMBwvnwvW dy bwvjUd vI ieh bxdI AMqr-kOmI lokipRXqw hwsl nhIN kr sikAw[

isAwsI hlikAW coN kimaUinstW qoN Aws b`JdI sI ik ieh ies msly nUM sulJwauxgy[ pr ieh vI isDWqk h`l qW ieh kih ky smJw idMdy hn ik jwqpwq AKOqI hY Aqy jdoN ienklwb Aw igAw qW s`B A`Cw ho jwxw hY[ ihMdosqwn dw ienklwb qW aUT dw b`ulH bx igAw hY[ kimaUinst vI eys msly dy AslI h`l lBxy qW ie`k pwsy, eyfy gMBIr qy Aihm msly nUM ivcwrn qoN hI kMnI kqrw jWdy hn[ vlYq dy iksy kimaUinst lIfr nUM qW ie`Qy jwqpwq dI hoNd hI nhIN idsdI [

vlYq ivc vI jwqpwq GtI nhIN; ie`QoN dI jMmI pLI pIVHI nUM vI hor is`K kdrW kImqW bwry BwvyN kuJ pqw hovy nw hovy, ieh quhwnUM jwqpwq dIAW brIkIAW zrUr d`s idMdy hn[ Blw iehnW nUM jwqpwq bwry ieMnI jwxkwrI ik`QoN imldI hY?

ies ikqwbcy ivc is`K &ls&y dy ault pRc`ilq DwrnwvW nMU jwqpwq dy hvwly nwl hI dyKx-prKx dw Xqn kIqw igAw hY[

iehnUM mYN ^wlsy dy iqMn sO swlw jnm auqsv leI Aqy iksy Akwdimk mMqv leI ilKx dw ivcwr bxwieAw sI[ mYN iehnMU Cwp ky kuJ bMidAW nUM id`qw vI sI[

ies kwrj nUM isry cwVHn ivc myrI mdd bljIq isMG shoqw, mihMdr m`tU, bldyv klyr Aqy svrn isMG ny kIqI[ bY~f&orf Aqy AOks&orf dIAW lwiebRyrIAW dI mdd qoN ibnW vI ieh kMm AOKw sI[ bwAd ’c AmrjIq cMdn ny kImqI suJwA vI id`qy Aqy iehnUM soDky Cwpx dI slwh vI[ mYN iehnW dw dyxdwr hW[ AmrjIq GVI muVI ieh vI Xwd krwauNdw irhw ik jwqpwq qW gurU-pIr vI nhIN htw sky[ mYN jy ies mksd nUM iPr Xwd krwaux ivc hI kwmXwb ho igAw, qW ^uSI hovygI[

 dws
suKdyv is`DU

aupr


2. pCokV

dUjy mulkW dIAW smwijk bxqrW dy mukwbly Bwrq dw jwqIpwqI pRbMD iblkul AnoKI qrHW dw smwjI pRbMD hY[ ij`Qy hornW suswietIAW ivc BweIcwrk ivkws ny jmwqW dI SkqI PVI, kyvl Bwrq ivc hI ies ny jwqpwqI pRbMD dw srUp DwirAw[ ie`k rwKvyN pySy jW j`dI jmwq nwloN vI bRwhmxvwd Anuswr bxI jwq bhuq inAwrI hY[ ijnHW mulkW (kYQoilk XUrp) ivc pujwrI jmwq dy ru`qby Aqy h`k bhuq rwKvyN bxy hoey sn, au~Qy vI pujwrI hoxw pySw hY, Aqy ies ivc kOm dy hr qbky dy AwdmI Swiml ho skdy hn[ ies qrHW auhnW mulkW ivc ij`Qy srdwrW (Nobles) dI jmwq j`dI huMdI, au~Qy bwdSwh jnqw dy iksy swDwrn AwdmI nUM vI srdwr Qwp idMdw sI[ pr jwqpwqI pRbMD ivc nw kyvl jwq j`dI hI huMdI hY, ieh kdy bdlI vI nhIN jw skdI[ dunIAW dy hor keI BwgW ivc vI jwqpwq vrgI siQqI rhI hY pr hor iksy QW vI ieh Bwrq vrgy jwqpwqI sMdrB ivc nhIN hY[ jpwn ivc eytw nwm dy kbIly dI siQqI vI kuJ h`d qIk hI rLdI imLdI hY[ pr sB qoN v`D smwnqw jW nyVy dI imLdI imswl brmw dy mMdrW dy ZulwmW dI hI hY; ‘pgofw (brmI mMdr) dw Zulwm aumr Br leI Zulwm huMdw hY, Aqy aus dy bIvI b`cy Aqy Awaux vwlIAW nslW hmySw leI pgofw Zulwm huMdIAW hn[ ie`QoN q`k ik rwjw vI auhnW nUM Awzwd nhIN krvw skdw’[

A&rIkw dy keIAW dySW ivc vsdy kbIilAW ivc vI jwqpwq vrgw pRbMD irhw hY, ij`Qy auhnW ivc jwqpwq nwl imLdy juLdy v`KryvyN pwey jWdy hn[ pr au~Qy vI ihMdosqwn vrgI kTor Aqy jQybMdk siQqI nhIN sI[ swaUQ APrIkw ivc ApwrQweIf dI lwhnq ivc vI jwqpwq vrgIAW hI kuJ AlwmqW pweIAW jWdIAw sn, pr ieh isr& rMg jW nsl dy AwDwr qy sn[

jwqpwq mu`K qOr qy bRwhmxvwd dI swjnw hY[ bRwhmxvwd ny ieh isDWq QwipAw ik mnu`K Awpxy guxW AOguxW krky nhIN, sgoN pYdwieS krky au~cy nIvyN hn, Aqy sdw hI rihxgy[ jy iksy AwdmI dw jnm au~cI jwq ivc hoieAw hY qW auh au~cw hY; Bwvy auh cor auc`kw, fwkU qy lu`cw hI ikauN nw hovy[ ijs dw jnm nIvIN jwq ivc hoieAw hY, auh nIvW hY BwvNy auh ikMnw hI guxI igAwnI Aqy au~cy Awcwr dw mwilk ikauN nw hovy[

ihMdUAW ivc pRcilq jwqpwq igAwrvIN sdI dy mu`F ivc AlbrUnI nUM vI bVI rVkI sI[ aus ny AwpxI Bwrq Xwqrw sbMDI ilKI pusqk ivc jwq pRQw aupr bVy ivsQwr nwl crcw kIqI hY[ SUdrW bwry mMnMU isimRqI Aqy hor ihMdU Dwrimk gRMQW dI rwey pihlW hI bVI ivprIq sI – "koeI SUdr bRwhmx dy brwbr nhIN bih skdw, vyd-pwT suxnw aus leI vrijq hY, jy auh jwx buJ ky suxdw hY, qW kMn bMd kr id`qy jwx[ jy aucwrx krdw hY, qW zubwn k`t id`qI jwey Aqy jy Xwd krdw hY, qW srIr dy tukVy tukVyy kr id`qyy jwx[iksy SUdr nUM jwnoN mwr dyx dI szw au~lU jW ku`qy nMU mwrn dy brwbr hovygI[ SUdr nwl Kwxw qW iek pwsy, pRCwvW lYx dI vI s^q mnwhI hY[ irg vyd dy dsvyN sUkq ivc hI jwqpwq dw bIj ipAw hY[ vrx vMf dy bRwhmxI isDWq nUM iesy, sB qoN purwxI khI jWdI, pusqk dI pRvwngI imlI hoeI hY, ijs nUM A`goN AwcwrIAw mMnUM ny vDyry ivsQwr nwl ibAwn krky ies isDWq nUM BwrqI smwj qy bVI kTorqw nwl prp`k krky mVH id`qw sI[ Pyr BwrqI smwj hzwrW jwqW, aup jwqW, goqW Awid ivc vMifAw igAw[ bRwhmxI smwj dy cwr mu`K vrx -bRwhmx, K`qrI, vYS, SUdr– qW j`g zwihr hI hn[sB qoN au~cw bRwhmx vrx qy sB qoN nIvW SUdr vrx[ isrmOr hox krky bRwhmx ij`Qy AwpxI pUjw krvwaNudw sI, au~Qy SUdr nUM nIc kih ky durkwirAw jWdw sI[ sB qoN nIvNy smJy jwx vwly kMm SUdrW leI rwKvyN kr id`qy gey sn, auh vI inSkwm syvw dy qOr ’qy hI krny pYNdy sn qy bdly ivc n&rq qy gwLHW imldIAW sn[ Drm pusqkW ies nUM jwiez smJdIAW sn, sgoN iehnW Drm pusqkW dy aupdySW kwrn hI qW ieh sB kuJ huMdw sI[

mhW Bwrq ivc eyklivAw dw AMgUTw vI ies krky k`t id`qw igAw sI, ikauNik auh SUdr sI Aqy droxwcwrIAw iksy ACUq nMU Awpxw iSS nhIN sI mMnxw cwhuMdw Aqy Awpxy rwjkumwr Swigrd Arjx qoN vDIAw qIr kmwn ividAw dw mwihr iksy ACUq nUM iblkul nhIN sI vyKxw cwhuMdw[

mMnMU ny Awpxy Drm-SwSqr nUM qy hor Dwrimk gRMQW nUM rUhwnI is`D krn au~qy hI b`s nhIN kIqI[ aus dw AslI mksd hI ieh sI ik jwq pwqI pRbMD dy nwl nwl bRwhmxW dI pdvI nUM Dwrimk prvwngI id`qI jwvy[ ies leI aus ny &urmwn kIqw ik bRwhmx dI is`iKAw hI mnu`K vwsqy is`kybMd hY, ikauNik ies dI nINh vyd hn[ iesnMU Dwrimk rMgq cwVH ky ies nMU sdIvI bxwaux dI vI kutl nIqI sI[ ieh nIqI ihMdosqwn dy Biv`K dI rUp ryKw iks h`d qk bdl dyvygI Aqy ikMnI icr sQweI hoeygI – iksy ny ikAws nhIN kIqw hoeygw[

aupr

3. muZl Awgmn

jwq pRQw dy ieh bMDn muslmwnW dy Bwrq ivc itk jwx qoN bwAd hor pIfy ho gey; ijs dw hvwlw gurbwxI ivc, BweI gurdws dIAW vwrW Aqy AweIny AkbrI qoN l`Bdw hY[ BgqI lihr dy SurU hox qoN pihlW dw smW ADogqI, inrwsqw, Aqy idSwhIxqw dw smW sI[ muZlW dy hmilAW Aqy zulmW kwrx BwrqI lokweI qRwh qRwh kr rhI sI Aqy Es rihbr dI qwk ivc bYTI sI ijhVw auhnMU eys ijlHx coN k`F dey[

sB qoN mwVI dSw SUdrW qy hor nIvINAW jwqW dy lokW dI sI[ ienHW dw kMm bwkI iqMn vrxW dI syvw krnw Aqy auhnW dy rihm ’qy jIvn bsr krnw sI[ ies dSw dw hvwlw smkwlI BgqW, gurUAW Aqy ieiqhwskwrW dw QW QW id`qw imldw hY[ KqrI j`tW nUM nIvW smJdy sn Aqy j`t qrKwxW, nweIAW, cmwrW, julwihAW, GuimAwrW, DobIAW qy cUiVHAW vrgIAW jwqW nUM smwjI brwbrI dyx bwry socx nUM vI iqAwr nhIN sn[ j`tW qoN hyTlIAW jwqW ivc A`goN AwpsI smwijk pwVy pey hoey sn[ Asl ivc jwqpwqI nymW nUM lwgU krn vwsqy iehnW hyTlIAW jwqW dIAW j`QybMdIAW vI iqAwr sn[ cUhVw ‘nIcW AMdr nIc’ hY[ jy auh hornW pyiSAW vwlIAW jwqW dy KwxpIx dy swmwn nUM Coh vI jWdw, qW auh swmwn hI su`t id`qw jWdw sI[ ies pRbMD ivc SUdrW dI hwlq, ^ws krky, bhuq hI izAwdw BYVI sI[

aupr

4. suDwrk lihrW

4.1 bu`D Drm

smwj ivc jwigRqI ilAwaux leI Aqy inmn–SryxI dy lokW nUM au~cw cu`kx leI ihMdosqwn dy ieiqhws ivc do hI v`fIAW kRWqIAW hoeIAW hn – pihlI bu`D m`q dI qy dUjI BgqI m`q dI[ dovyN kRWqIAW Awpxy smyN dy Dwrimk-smwijk TykydwrW Aqy smwijk kurIqIAW dy ivroD ivc hoeIAW sn[ bu`D lihr qoN pihlW bRwhmxvwdI krm-kWf, CUq-Cwq, qy aUc-nIc dw zor sI, ijs dy ivru`D bu`D Drm ny lok BlweI dw bIVw c`uikAw Aqy A`T sO swl ies lihr dw bol bwlw irhw[ jd mhwrwjw ASok dy smyN ies nUM rwj Drm bxw id`qw igAw, qW ies dw pqn vI SurU ho igAw[ qd 200 eI: qoN bwAd bRwhmxvwd ny iPr isr cu`kxw SurU kr id`qw[ iesy smyN Swsqr-Xu`g SurU hoieAw[ bRwhmxvwd ny bVI huiSAwrI nwl do-ru^I nIqI ApxweI[ ie`k pwsy qW iesny mhwqmw bu`D nUM ivSnUM dw Avqwr d`sky ies nUM Awpxy Gyry ivc ilAwaux dw Xqn kIqw Aqy dUjy pwsy ijnHW ny ies nIqI dw ivroD kIqw auhnW nUM bVI hI byikrkI nwl ^qm vI kIqw[ ies qrHW bu`D Drm nUM ^qm huMidAW vI 500 swl l`g gey[ iPr nv-bRwhmxvwd pUrI qrHW Bwrq ivc Cw hI igAw[ iPr ies dw ivroD Bgq kvIAW qy ^ws krky is`K gurUAW ny hI kIqw[

aupr

4.2 BgqI lihr

b`uD dw pRBwv Gtx qoN bwAd sMq rwmwnuj ny ieh ivcwr ilAWdw ik mn`uK dI hYsIAq jwq vrg nwl nhIN sgoN ausdI injI srgrmI nwl bxdI hY[ iesy ivcwr nUM aunHW dy iSS rwmwnMd ny A`gy vDwieAw Aqy Awpxy iSS nIvIAW jwqW coN bxwey[ kbIr Aqy rivdws ausdy vDyry pRis`D iSS hn[ solvIN sdI dy pihly A`D ivc gurU nwnk dyv ny iesy hI lihr dI AgvweI kIqI[ eysy sbMD ivc aunHW ny brmw qoN lY ky Arb-ierwk qk, pMJI swl cwr audwsIAW kIqIAW[ BwrqI ieiqhws ivc AijhI koeI imswl nhIN imldI ik iksy AwgU ny ieqnI v`fI prcwr Xwqrw kIqI hovy[ smu`cy smwj suDwr dy nwl jwqpwq vI Aihm mu`dw sI, jo aunHW Awpxy iDAwn ivc r`iKAw sI[

rwjy pwp kmWvdy aultI vwV Kyq kau Kwie]

Aqy

kwjIAW bwhmxW kI g`l Q`kI,
Agdu pVY SYqwn vy lwlo]

Aqy

ijnu isr sohin ptIAw mWgIN pwie sMDUr
sy isr kwqI muMnIAn gil ivic AwvY DUV[
mhlw AMdir hodIAW hux bihx n imlix hdUir]

aupr

4.3 is`K lihr

BgqI lihr qoN lY ky is`K Drm dy SurU ho ky sQwpq ho jwx qk ij`Qy pRmwqmw dI pRymw-BgqI dw pRcwr kIqw igAw, au~Qy nwl dI nwl smwijk burweIAW v`l vI aucycw iDAwn id`qw igAw sI[ sMn 1270 ivc bwbw nwmdyv nMU ihMdU pujwrIAW ny mMdr ivcoN D`ky mwr ky eys leI k`F id`qw sI, ikaNuik auh nIvIN jwq dw sI[ Bgq gurUAW -rivdws, kbIr Aqy nwmdyv- ny ijhVI Awvwz id`qI sI, auh gurU nwnk jI vyly isKr v`l nUM pu`jdI hY[ dUsry gurU swihbwn ny iesy Awvwz nUM A`gy qoridAW Aqy hor keI AkIidAW nUM auBwridAW hoieAW BwrqI lokweI dI rihnumweI krn dw sPl au~dm kIqw sI[ keI ivdvwn qW gurU nwnk dyv jI nMU BgqI lihr dy pihilAW BgqW ‘coN kbIr dy iSS Aqy is`K Drm nUM BgqI lihr dw hI isKr mMndy hn[

gurU nwnk ny jo kuJ soicAw qy ivcwirAw aus nUM iksy KUMjy bYT ky gupq nhIN r`iKAw, sgoN 39 swl dI aumr ivc srkwrI nOkrI C`f ky, pirvwr dw moh iqAwg ky, dUr prdysW ivc jw ky Awpxw sMdyS lokW nUM id`qw[

aupr

4.4 AOrqW dw drjw

AOrqW dI hwlq vI aus smyN ACUqW vrgI hI sI[ sqI dI rsm vI jorW qy sI[ muZleI hmilAW vyly vI AOrqW dI bypqI, Apmwn qy auDwLy zorW SorW nwl Awm cldy sn[ AOrqW dy iksy qrHW vI aunHW dy Awpxy soSx ivc BwgIdwr nw hox dy bwvjUd vI aunHW nUM hI hr qrHW dw D`kw jrnw pYNdw sI[ auhnW dy h`k ivc hwA dw nwhrw mwrn vwlw koeI nhIN sI[ ies ihswb nwl is`K Drm dunIAW dw pihlw Aijhw Drm hY, ijs ny Ku`lH ky AOrq dy h`kW ivc Awvwz bulMd kIqI, Dwrimk pKMfW Aqy vihmW BrmW dy ivroD ivc fitAw sI:

BMif jMmIAY BMif inMmIAY BMif jMmx ivAwh
BMif hovy dosqI BMif clY rwih
BMif mUAw BMif BwlIey BMif hovy bMDwn[
so ikaN mMdw AwKIey ijq jMmy rwjwnu]

ihMdU Drm mn`uK nUM bRwhmx, K`qrI, vYS Aqy SUdr cwr vrxW ivc vMfdw hY[ ies vMf Anuswr SUdrW dI hwlq Aiq drjy dI BYVI qW sI hI, pr lokweI dw iek vrx ’coN dUsry Swiml hoxw vI vrijq kIqw igAw sI Aqy SUdrW nUM ^ws krky Bly kMm krn dy bwvjUd vI iksy iksm dI sMBwvI qr`kI qoN vWJy kr id`qw igAw sI[ "hzwrW swlW qoN nIvIAW jwqW nUM rUhwnI mMfl vl vyKx dI AwigAw nhIN sI[ ies Av`igAw dw dMf mOq sI[ SMbUk vrgy mhWpurS dw isr ies leI v`F id`qw igAw sI, ikauNik auhnW jMgl ivc Cup ky pRBU ivc iDAwn lgwieAw sI"[ ieh qW kuJ ku vwikAwq hn, jo Drm gRMQW ivc drj hox kwrn swfy iDAwn ivc AwauNdy hn, pr Awm lokW nwl rozwnw izMdgI ivc iks iks qrHW dw ivhwr huMdw hoeygw, Swied swfy ikAws qoN hI bwhr hovy[

aupr

5. isDWqk ivroD

SUdrW dI hwlq bhuq hI qrsXog sI[ aunHHW nUM iksy qrHW dy vI h`k nhIN sn[ sgoN auhnW dI qW jwn vI auprly, ^ws krky bRwhmx, vrxW dy h`Q ivc sI[ ihMdU Drm dy hr pwsy hI mzbUqI nwl kwibz hox krky auhnW nUM iksy smyN vI, iksy qrHW dI vI koeI irAwieq nhIN sI id`qI jWdI[ auh kIVy-mkOiVAW Aqy jwnvrW qoN iksy qrHW vI v`D nhIN sn smJy jWdy[ hr sMBv iksm dIAW pwbMdIAW hyTly vrxW qy l`g skdIAW sn Aqy l`gdIAW sn[ auhnW dI durdSw qoN mukqI idvwaux vwlw ^ud vI Dwrimk TykydwrW dI kropI dw iSkwr ho jWdw sI[

mhwqmw rwmw nMd jI ny jwqpwq dy i^lw& mu`Fly hMBLy mwry sn Aqy ip`CoN aunHW dy iSSW kbIr, nwmdyv Aqy Bgq rivdws ny Awpxy vyly jwqpwq dw ^ws krkyy s^q ivroD vI kIqw sI[ keI QWeI auhnW dy ivroD dI sur iq`KI hox dy bwvjUd vI auh koeI bhuq gihrw pRBwv qW nhIN sI pw sky, pr BgqI lihr SurU krn skx ivc kwmXwb zrUr ho sky sn[ aunHW dy Awp hI nIvIN jwq nwl sbMDq hox krky Aqy bRwhmxvwd dy BwrU hox krky hI gurU nwnk dyv ijMny sPl nhIN sn ho sky[ qW vI auhnW dI dyx nMU iksy qrHW vI Gtw ky dyKxw jwiez nhIN hoeygw, sgoN is`K Drm dI ip`T-vrqI SkqI vjoN kMm kr geI mMnxw hI TIk hY[

Avil Alh nUr aupwieAw kudriq ky sB bMdy[
eyk nUr qy sB jg aupijAw kaun Bly kaun mMdy[
jy qUM bRwhmn bRwhmnI jwieAw]
Awin bwit kwhU nhI AwieAw]

Aqy

qum kq bwhmx hm kq sUd]
qum kq lohU hm kq dUD]

Aqy

jwq-pwq ky rog mih auriJ rhoX s`B log
mwnuKqw nUM Kwq hY rivdws jwq kr rog]
kih rivdws jo jpy nwmu]
iqs jwiq n jnm n join kwmu]

aupr

6. is`K pMQ dw auBwr

Aijhy AMDkwr ivc gurU nwnk dyv jI dw Awgmn hoieAw sI[ gurU jI ny bRwhmxvwdI kurIqW, vihmW BrmW, smwijk AinAW Aqy jwqpwq dy i^lw& sMGrS iv`iFAw sI Aqy nvIN rOSnI pRdwn kIqI sI[ gurU nwnk nMU duKI lokweI dI swr lYx Awey pYZMbr smiJAw jWdw hY[ BweI gurdws ies dw pRgtwA AwpxIAW vwrW ivc ies qrHW krdy hn:

siqgur nwnk prgitAw
imtI DuMd jig cwnx hoAw]

Aqy

kljug bwby qwirAw
siqnwm pVH mMqR suxwieAw
kil qwrx gurU nwnk AwieAw]

pMj sO swl pihlW gurU nwnk dyv ny jwqpwq rihq smwj dw ivcwr lokW swhmxy ilAWdw[ aus smyN dI siQqI nUMM ikAws ky Aijhw au~dm iksy Awm AwdmI dw kMm nhIN sI ho skdw[ aunHW ikhw mnu`K jnm krky au~cw nIvW nhIN hY:

mwtI eyk sgl sMswrw] bhu ibD Bwfy GVy kumwrw]
pMc qq iml dyhI kw Awkwrw] Git vD ko krY bIcwrw]

gurU nwnk dyv ny pRmwqmw nUM vI nhorw mwirAw sI Aqy Awpxw rosw zwihr kIqw sI jo ik drAsl smkwlI smwj dI siQqI pRqI byivSvwsI dw zordwr iezhwr hI sI:

jy skqw skqy kE mwry
qw mn ros nw koeI

eyqI mwr peI kurlwxy
qYN kI drd n AwieAw]

aupr

6.1 is`K lihr dw mMqv

is`K lihr dw pihlw inSwnw smwjI brwbrI vwlw smwj auswrnw hI sI[ jwqpwq ies dy rsqy ivc v`fI rukwvt sI[ smwj ivc hor vI bhuq swrIAW nwbrwbrIAW sn[ is`K gurUAW ny aunHW v`l koeI nrm rv`eIAw nhIN sI ApxwieAw[ pr auhnW ny cMgI qrHW mihsUs kr ilAw sI ik jdoN q`k jwqpwq dy buinAwdI klMk nUM nhIN myitAw jWdw, smwj ivc dUjIAW nwbrwbrIAW ivc koeI v`fI qbdIlI ilAw skxI vI sMBv nhIN sI[

6.2 gurU nwnk dyv jI dIAW srgrmIAW

gurU nwnk jI ny AwpxIAW rcnwvW rwhIN vI Aqy audwsIAW dOrwn vI mnu`Kqw dy Bly leI auprwly SurU kr id`qy sn Aqy iPr swrI aumr hI Awp auhnW qy pihrw id`qw sI[ jwqpwq dy ivru`D AwpxI ivcwrDwrw vI j`g-zwihr hI kr id`qI sI[ bwAd ivc Awaux vwly dUsry gurU swihbwn ny iehnW kdrW kImqW nUM lgwqwr sPlqw nwl clw ky ienHW nUM hor vDyry pRPuil`q vI kIqw sI[

vIhvIN sdI dy mhwn pMjwbI icMqk lwlw hridAwl ilKdy hn: Guru Nanak and other Sikh gurus were distinguished both in ethics and politics. In them we find the climax of Bhakti movement. Guru Nanak opposed strongly all the distinctions of caste. He believed in universal brotherhood. According to him the religious practices and other Karmas created ego and this ego could be overcome by the remembrance of the Name of the Lord by the company of saints and by the Grace of Lord and true Guru.

Awsw dI vwr qW hY hI AwdrS mnu`KI jIvn nwl sMbDq[ AwdrS mnu`K nUM ikhVy ikhVy krm kWfW qoN ^brdwr rihxw cwhIdw hY Aqy ikhVy ikhVy guxW nwl mn`uKI Asiqqv nUM mwlo mwl krnw cwhIdw hY – ieh sB kuJ Awsw dI vwr ivc ivdmwn hY[ ij`Qy ieh JUT dw iqAwg qy s`c nUM gRihx krn qy bl idMdI hY, au~Qy haumY Aqy pKMf iqAwgx dw AwdyS vI krdI hY[ ies haumY ivc DMn dOlq dI haumY, krm kWf dI haumY, jwq AiBmwn dI haumY, iv`idAw dI haumY jW hor hor iksy pRkwr dI vI haumY qoN bcx dI pUrw pUrw AwdyS hY[ hor sB qrHW dy kukrmW qoN Cutkwrw pwaux dy nwl nwl BwrqI smwj dI v`fI lwhnq jwq AiBmwn dy ivroD ivc vI ies dw QW QW pRmwx imldw hY:

PkV jwqI PkV nwau[ sBnw jIAw iekw nwau]

nIcw AMdr nIc jwq nIcI hU Aiq nIc
nwnk iqn ky sMg swiQ vifAw isE ikAw rIs
ijQY nIc smwlIAn iqQY ndir qyrI bKsIs

Aqy

Agy jwiq nw zor hY AgY jIau nvy
ijn kI lyKy piq pvy cMgy syeI kyie

Aqy

jwqI dy ikAw hiQ, scu prKIAY
mhurw hovY h`Q, mrIAY cKIAY

Aqy

jwiq jnmu nh puCIAY sC Gru lyih bqwie[
sw jwiq sw pwiq hY, jyhY krm kmwie]

gurU nwnk dyv ny BweI mrdwnw jI nUM Awpxy nwl r`iKAw Aqy rwijAW rwixAW nwl sbMD sQwpq krn dI QW hmySW BweI lwloAW dy nwl hI Kloey[" gurU nwnk ikrqI is`K BweI lwlo dI ru`KI su`KI rotI ^uS ho ky KWdw hY[ aunWH nUM milk Bwgo dy pdwrQW ivcoN ikrqIAW dw lhU Jlkwry mwrdw idsdw hY[ ies dy i^lw& gurU jI Awvwz bulMd krdy hn:-

hk prwieAw nwnkw
aus sUAr aus gwie]

rwjy SINh muk`dm kuqy
jwie jgwien bYTy suqy]

aupr

6.3 dUsry gurUAW dy au`dm

gurU nwnk dyv jI ny krqwrpur ivc hI auhnW dy drSnW nMU AwauNdIAW sMgqW leI Bojn-pwxI dw bMdobsq krky sMgq Aqy pMgq (sWJy lMgr) dI rIiq clw ky ies dI nINh r`K id`qI sI[ gurU jI dIAW bwxIAW srvx krn qoN bwAd AweIAW sMgqW lMgr Ck ky hI jWdIAW sn[ iesy rIq nUM gurU AMgd dyv jI ny islslyb`D qrIky nwl sQwipq qW kr hI id`qw sI, pr mwqw KIvI jI vloN Awp lMgr nUM jQybMdk qrIky nwl clwaux dy sbUq/hvwly imldy hn[ BweI blvMf ies dw izkr rwmklI dI vwr ivc vI krdy hn:-

blvMf KIvI nyk jn,ijs bhuqI Cwau pqrwlI]
lMgr dauilq vMfIAY, rs AMmRiq KIr iGAwlI]

pr qIsry gurU Amrdws jI ny ie`k ivSyS g`l kIqI[ aunHW ny Srq lweI ik bhuq swry jwq dy h`d bMny Awpxy Awp Fih FyrI hoxy SurU ho gey sn:- is`KI dw kyNdr, goieMdvwl swihb, AYsy mukwm qy sI, ij`QoN dI p`qx hox krky hzwrW muswi&r dirAw pwr krn leI rozwnw lMGdy rihMdy sn Aqy gurU-drSnW qoN vI vrosWaudy rihMdy sn[ gurU swihb jI ny bwhrvwr v`fw swrw P`tw lwieAw hoieAw sI[ ijs qy iliKAw hoieAw sI:

jwiq kw grbu n kirAhu koeI[
bRhm ieMdY so bRwmx hoeI]
jwiq kw grbu n kr mUrK gvwrw[
ies grb qy clih bhuq ivkwrw]

siqgurW ny iek hor Srq vI r`KI hoeI sI ik koeI vI pRwxI lMgr dI sWJI pMgq ivc bYTy ibnW swfI sMgq ivc hwzr nw hovy[ ‘pihly pMgiq pwCy sMgiq’[ ies dw hvwlw mihmw pRkwS ivcoN vI imldw hY[ gurU jI dI iesy ivl`Kx pRQw dw krky doKIAW ny Akbr hkUmq kol qohmqW qy SkwieqW vI kIqIAW sn[

" qhW brn AwSrm kw nwh ibbwd[
gurBweI hMsn kI pwq[
iek Awsn bYT Kwie suKswiq[
jo brn ibByd pRswid n Kwie[
siqgur ko drsn nhIN pwie[

lMgr dI pRQw clwaux dy ip`Cy pRmu`K kwrx vI jwqpwq dIAW jVHW ivc kuhwVw mwrnw hI sI[ gurU swihb ny lMgr pRQw ivc iksy qrHW dI vI irAwieq jW Cot nhIN sI id`qI; ie`QoN q`k ik smkwlI muZl bwdSwh nUM vI sMgq-pMgq ivc bYT ky hI lMgr Ckxw ipAw sI Aqy muZl bwdSwh Akbr dI lMgr leI lweI jgIr v`l iDAwn hI nhIN sI kIqw Aqy jgIr dy &urmwn AwLy ivc hI pey rhy sn[ ikauNik lMgr nUM gurU jI ny nwm jpo, ikrq kro qy vMf Cko dy ADwr qy auswirAw sI nw ik rwijAW rwixAW dI rihmidlI qy[ lMgr leI in`q AwauNdI rsd roz hI vrq leI jWdI sI Aqy vwDU bcdI rsd ndI dI ByNt kr id`qI jWdI sI[

pMgq gurU swihb dI soc dw kmwl sI[ lMgr ivc moFy nwl moFw joV ky swrIAW jwqW Aqy swry DrmW dy lokW dw pMgq ivc bih ky lMgr Ckxw, vrx AwSrm Aqy CUAw Cwq dy i^lw& pRcwr qW isrP ie`k p`K sI, ijs bwry swry ilKwrI zor pwaNudy hn[ lMgr Aqy pMgq dy hor vI p`K sn:

1. smwj ivcoN AmIr grIb dw drjw imtwauxw[
2. lMgr kyvl is`KW dIAW id`qIAW BytwvW nwl clwauxw[
3. is`KW ny AwpxI ikrq iv`coN lMgr ivc v`D cVH ky ih`sw pwieAw[ ies qrHW is`KW ny Awpxy injI Aqy t`brI suAwrQ qoN aupr au~Txw[

gurU nwnk dyv Aqy dUjy gurUAW dI bwxI Aqy gurU Arjn dyv dw kIqw Awid gRMQ dw sMpwdn vI ies g`l dI gvwhI hY ik gurUAW ny AKOqI nIvINAW jwqW nwl sMbDq Bgq-gurUAW dI bwxI nUM AwpxI bwxI dy brwbr dw hI ruqbw dy ky jwqpwq dy kohV qy iek hor zbrdsq s`t mwrI sI[ auhnW ny BgqW nUM ‘pwiqSwh’ dw ruqbw id`qw[ Aqy vwr vfhMs m. ivc drj kIqw:

pwiqSwhI Bgq jnW kau idiqAn,
isr Cqu scw hir bxwie[

gurU gRMQ swihb dI sMpwdnw krky gurU Arjn dyv dw kwrj, Bgq gurUAW dI bwxI sWBx ivc vI bhuq shweI qW hoieAw hI, pr ieh jwqpwq dy i^lwP vI vDIAw kwrj vjoN is`D hoieAw[ BgqW dw ieh ruqbw Bwvy auNj hI bxdw sI pr Aijhw swriQk au~dm pihlW iksy ny nhIN sI kIqw[ is`ty vjoN, ies nwl ihMdU Dwrimk dwiery ivc kw&I auQl puQl hoeI sI[ gurU Arjn dyv jI ny bu`DU Gumwr nUM d`isAw ik gurU nwnk jI ny cwry jwqW (vrxW) dy ie`k QW sWJI rotI Kwx dI rIq SurU kIqI sI[

gurU gRMQ swihb sB nUM ‘eyk ipqw eyks ky hm bwirk’ mMnidAW ‘kudriq dy sB bMdy’ kih ky brwbr smJdw hY; ikaNuik ausdI is`iKAw Anuswr hr koeI isr& ausdI hI joiq qoN pRkwSmwn hY[ iesy krky QW QW gurbwxI ivc jwiq pwiq, rMg, nsl, mzhb, dyS dy iBMn Byd dw KMfn kIqw igAw hY[

sgl bnspiq mih bYsMqr, sgl dUD mih GIAw[
aUc nIc mih jiq smwxI, Git Git mwDau jIAw]

pr gurU nwnk dyv Aqy gurU gRMQ swihb dy jwqpwq ivru`D kIqy pRq`K au~dmW dy bwvjUd ieiqhwskwr ieMdU BUSx bYnrjI ilKdy hn: "jwqpwq bwry ij`QoN q`k gurU nwnk dw sMbD hY koeI qs`lIb^S sbUq nhIN imldw ik aunHW ies nUM ^qm krn leI koeI auprwlw kIqw hovy"[ ieh bVI hI hYrwnI vwlI g`l hY ik gurU jI dI bwxI dy nwl nwl jIvn sMGrS iv`coN vI j`g-zwihr imswlW dy bwvjUd vI fw. bYnrjI AwpxI AijhI rwey hI bxweI r`Kdy hn[

PkV jwiq PkVu nwau[
sBnw jIAw iek Cwau]

Aqy

jwiq jnmu nh puCIAY sc Gru lyih bqwie
sw jwiq sw pwiq hY jhy krm kmwie]

(rwg mlwr, Sbd 0)

gurU nwnk dyv jI Anuswr qW jwqpwq dMB hY[ qW hI qW auh hokw idMdy hn ik koeI v`fw-Cotw nhIN hY, koeI au~cw-nINvw nhIN hY, sB hI brwbr hn[ Awid gRMQ aupdyS idMdw hY:

eyk nUr qy sBu jg aupijAw kOx Bly ko mMdy

mn`uK ny suAwrQI mMqvW nUM m`uK r`K ky jwqpwq dI vMf kIqI[ ihMdU m`q Anuswr qW nIvIN jwq vwly nUM Dwrimk is`iKAw dy Xog hI nhIN sI smiJAw jWdw[ jnm qoN hI ausdI pdvI inrDwirq kr id`qI jWdI sI, ijs nUM auh iksy sUrq ivc bdl nhIN sI skdw[

gurU gRMQ swihb ivc id`qw igAwn qW mn`uKqw dI eykqw nUM idRVwauNdw hI hY, gurU gRMQ swihb dI hsqI Awpxy Awp vI ies g`l dw pRmwx hY ik gurUAW leI Cotw v`fw koeI nhIN sI[ aunHW SUdr qy bRwhmx Aqy ihMdU qy muslmwnW dw Byd imtw ky swry sMqW BgqW dI bwxI ie`koo ijhy Awdr Bwv nwl gurU-bwxI sMg drj kIqI[ kbIr, nwmdyv, rivdws, sYx, sdnw, DMnw Awid nUM ienHW dy kiQq inmn jwq dy hox krky bnwrs dy bRwhmx AwcwrX pRvwn nhIN sI krdy Aqy Drm dy AiDkwrI nhIN sI mMndy[ lyikn siqgurW ies purwqn rUVHIvwdI SwsqrI mrXwdw nUM pRvwn nhIN sI kIqw[ sgoN iblkul iesdy ault stYNf ilAw sI[ bwxI iek`qr krn dy auprwly gurU nwnk dyv jI vyly hI ho gey sn[ gurg`dI b^Sx vyly gurU jI hor vsqW dy nwl nwl pihly gurUAW dI iek`qr kIqI Aqy rcI bwxI vI nvyN gurU jI nUM gurg`dI idMdy smyN dy idAw krky sn[ ies qoN zwihr hY ik bwxI iek`qr krn dw kMm gurU nwnk vyly hI ho igAw sI[ iesdw iek sbUq bwbw &rId dI pIVHI dy cODvyN QW g`dI nSIn koloN gurU nwnk dy Awp bwxI iek`qr krn dy hvwly imldy hn[ gurUAW dI swrI bwxI ivcoN AnykW audwhrxW imldIAW hn, ij`Qy aunHW AKOqI nIvINAW jwqW dy h`k ivc Awvwz auTweI sI:

nweI CIbw kbIr julwhw, pUry qy giq pweI[
bRhm ky byqy Sbd pCwxih, haUmY jwiq gvweI[
sur nr iqn kI bwxI gwvih, koeI nw myty BweI[

Aqy

pwqSwhI Bgq jnW kau idqiAn
isr Cqu s`cw hir bxwie

Aqy

BgqW ivic Awp vrqdw pRB jI BgqI hU qU jwqw]

Aqy

Bgq jnW kI auqm bwxI juig juig rhI smweI]

guriblws CyvIN pwqSwhI dy pMnw 33 qy ibAwn hY ik gurU hrgoibMd jI ny cwry jwqW nUM ie`k QW imlw id`qw[ A`gy jw ky iPr iliKAw hY ik ijhVw dmdmw auhnW ny bxwieAw, auhdw ieMcwrj vI iksy cmwr nuM bxwieAw sI[

gurU swihbwn vyly hI jwqpwq nUM ^qm krn dy pRYktIkL Xqn vI SurU ho gey sn[ BweI jYqw jI dilq bwp Aqy bRwhmx mW dI AOlwd sn Aqy dsm gurU dy Aiq inktvrqIAW ivcoN sn[ ieh SwdI keI qrHW dIAW smwijk muSiklW dy bwvjUd gurU swihb jI dI rzw Aqy ASIrvwd Anuswr hI isry cVHI sI[ gurU jI ny BweI jYqw dI SwdI rwj kOr spuqrI sujwn isMG p`tI (AimRqsr) nwl ^ud kIqI sI[ ies qrHW dIAW hor imswlW vI imldIAW hn[

aupr

6.4 gurU goibMd isMG dI dyx

dsmyS gurU v`loN ^wlsy dI sQwpnw smyN vI sB Byd-Bwv nUM imtw ky jwqpwq rihq smwj auswrn dw au~dm hI inrwlw Aqy ivl`Kx hox dy nwl nwl isKrlw hMBLw vI sI[ dsm gRMQ dy pMnw 19 qy dsmyS gurU ilKdy hn:

eykY nYn eykY kwn eykY dyh eykY bwn
Kwk bwd Awqs AO bwd ko rlwau hY[

Alh AbyK soeI purwn AO kurwn EeI
eyk hI srUp sBY eyk hI bnwE hY]

jwqpwq ny ihMdosqwn nMU kmzor kIqw Aqy dUsry dysW dw Zulwm bxwieAw[ jwqpwq pRQw srb`q dy Bly dy rwh ivc v`fI rukwvt bxdI sI[ ies pRQw nUM ^qm krn leI gurUAW ny zordwr Awvwz bulMd kIqI[ ieiqhwskwr sI. AY~c. pyn ilKdw hY:-ieh gurU goibMd isMG hI hn ijnHW jwqpwq dy dYNq nUM isM|W qoN pkV ky kwbU kIqw[ jwqpwq dIAW jVHW au~qy kuhwVw mwirAw Aqy AYsI kOm bxwaux dw &Yslw kIqw jo i^AwlI qy AmlI qOr ’qy ie`k hovy[ gurU jI ies kMm ivc kwmXwb hI nhIN sn hoey, sgoN ieh hYrwn krn vwlw kwrnwmw sI[ gurU jI Anuswr qW :-

ijnkI jwq brn kul nwhI[
iqMn hI ko mYN srdwr bnwaU]
jw kI vof jgq ko lwgY
qW pr qU hI FrY]
nIchu aUc krY myrw goibMd
kwhU qy n frY]

hor vI swry gurU swihbwn ny jwqW dw pwV mylx dI koiSSW kIqIAW sn[ gurU goibMd isMG ny qW aus ivqkry nUM iblkul hI imtw id`qw"[ pMj ipAwry iek nUM C`f ky swry nIvINAW jwqW ivcoN hI sn Aqy auhnW dy AimRqDwrI ho jwx qoN bwAd dsm gurU jI ny Awp aunHW qoN AimRq CikAw[ ^wlsy dI swjnw nwl jwqpwq, CUAw-Cwq Aqy aUc–nIc dw kohV lih igAw sI Aqy mMnUM ismrqI dIAw l`gIAW pwbMdIAW m`uk geIAW sn[ Awps ivc iBMn-Byd krn vwlIAW jwqIAW nUM qoV ky gurU jI ny ie`ko ijhw bwxw, ie`ko ijhI bwxI, ie`ko srUp qy ie`ko rUp dy ky ^wlsw (^wls) piv`qr bxw id`qw sI[ jo hiQAwr nUM h`Q nhIN lgw skdy sn, iqMn iqMn hiQAwr pihnx l`g pey; jo r`b dw nW nhIN lY skdy sn, pMj-pMj bwxIAW dw pwT krn l`g pey; ijhVy iek dUjy dw pRCwvW nhIN sI J`ldy, Awps ivc BweI swihb bx gey; ieh bhuq v`fw pirvrqn sI, jdoN sB h`dW bMny, jwqW pwqW qoV ky gurU jI ny ^wlsw swijAw sI[ ieiqhwskwr fw. hrI rwm gupqw ilKdy hn ik gurU goibMd isMG ny ilqwVy lokW nUM srdwr (stiff Necked Hero) bxw id`qw[ sB ilqwVy hoey lokW ny gurU jI dIAW &OjW ivc bVy hI auqSwh nwl ih`sw ilAw Aqy is`K BweIcwry dw nW au~cw kIqw[ gurU goibMd isMG jI dy smkwlI kvI kuier isMG dw ibAwn hY:

bYs sUdr ey jwt Apwrw[
qwko pMQ mih Dwrw[

ip`CoN dy swihq ivc vI ies g`l dw vyrvw imldw hY ik gurU jI dw imSn cwry jwqW nUM ie`k krnw sI[

" cwr brn iek brn krwaU[

Aqy

cwr brn mYN koaU AmiRq Cky,
auh myrw rUp hY[

ieMdU BUSn bYnrjI ilKdy hn: gurU goibMd isMG Bwrq dIAW kuJ ku mhwn SkqIAW ivcoN hn, ijnHW dI S^sIAq sdIvI hY[ … aunHW ny Bwrq dy ieiqhws ivc nvINAW qwkqW nUM jnm id`qw[ aunHW ny hwrIAW hoeIAW SRyxIAW ivcoN nvyN jIvn qy SkqI vwlI kOm bxweI[ auh lok jo pihlW nIc qy Apiv`qr smJy jWdy sn Aqy durkwry jWdy sn, hux snmwny jwx l`g pey[ ies nwl BwrqI smwj ivc ienklwbI qbdIlI AweI[

aupr

7. smwijk brwbrI

is`K ieiqhwskwr SmSyr isMG ASok dw kQn hY " jd sRI dSmyS gurU jI ny is`K &OjW nUM jMgI qnzIm id`qI qW BweI jYqw hmySw hI ies SuB kwrj ivc aunHW dy hm-rkwb ho ky rhy qy hryk iksm dy jMgI kMmW ivc idlcspI nwl ih`sw lYNdy rhy …[" inrbl smwj nUM au~icAW krn leI gurU jI ny DV`lydwr kdm auTwieAw[ kvI rqn isMG BMgU ies qrHW ibAwn krdw hY:

siq snwiq Aor bwrh jwq[ jwn nih rwjnIq kI bwq[
jwt bUt kih ijh jgmweI[ bwnIey bkwl ikrwV KqrI sdweI [
luhwr qrKwx huq jwq kmInI [CIpY klwl nIcn pY ikRpw kInI[
gujr gvwr hIr kmjwq[ kMboie sUdn koie puCY nw bwq[
JIbr nweI roVy GuimAwr[ B`t AY bwhmx huq mMgvwr [
ien gRIb isMGn ko dXo pwqSwhI[ eyh Xwd rKYN hmrI pwqSwhI

BweI jYqw (jIvn isMG rMgrytw) qW gurU qyZ bhwdur jI dy "pMj ipAwirAW" ivc vI Swiml sI Aqy bRhm igAwnI dw ruqbw hwisl kr cu`kw sI[ v`K v`K is`K kvIAW Aqy ieiqhwskwrW dIAW ikRqW ivcoN BweI jYqy dI bhu-p`KI S^sIAq dy BrpUr hvwly imldy hn[ dsmyS gurU dy vyilAW qoN lY ky bwbw bMdw bhwdr dy AMgsMg srihMd dI ie`t nwl ie`t KVkwaux vwlw bIr isMG vI rMgrytw hI sI[ kvI rqn isMG BMgU dw ibAwn hY:

huqo rMgryto cUhVo kih bIrU isMG jvwn[
sMg qyrw sY GoVw cVyH hu`q ngwry judo inSwn

bwkI dy nwmI rMgryitAW ’c sMgq isMG, AkwlI PUlw isMG, hrI isMG nlvw, Drm isMG, igrjw isMG, Awlm isMG, AwlHw isMG, kwTw isMG isrP kuJ ku nW hn[ Akwl rjmYNt qW swry dI swrI hY hI rMgryty isMGW dI sI, ijsdw hirmMdr swihb ivc Akwl buMgw vI sQwipq kIqw igAw sI[ jQydwr AkwlI PUlw isMG qoN qW is`K mhwrwjy rxjIq isMG dy qRbkx dy vI hvwly imldy hn[ bu`Fw dl dy bhuq swry inhMg isMG rMgryty hI sn[

dwn isMG DMnw isMG jwmY br bIr jy[
Awlm imRigMd, SXwm isMG, so muhr isMG,
bIr isMG, su`Kw isMG, sMq isMG qIr jy[
koTw isMG eyk rMgrytw isMG jwnIXiq,
eyk rivdwsIAw mdn isMG bIr jy[

AimRq dI ijs krwmwqI SkqI ny SUdrW nUM rwijAW ivc bdl id`qw sI aus dw izkr ivlIAm ierivn ies qrHW krdw hY: " is`KW dy kbzy hyT Awey swry prgixAW ivc purwxy irvwjW dw ault pult ho jwxw, hYrwn krn vwlw qy mukMml sI[ iksy nIc BMgI jW cmwr leI, ijs nUM ihMdosqwnIAW ivc A`q nIvW smiJAw jWdw hY, isrP Gr C`f ky AwgU (bMdw isMG) pws phMuc jwxw hI huMdw sI, ik auh QoVy smyN ivc hI AwpxI inXukqI dw hukm lY ky Aqy AwpxI jnm-BUmI dw mwilk bxky AwaNudw[ jdoN auh srh`d qy pYr Drdw, au~c jnm vwly, kulIn Aqy DnwF lok ausdw svwgq krn leI AwauNudy Aqy aus nUM nwl ilAwauNdy au~Qy pu`jx qy ieh lok h`Q bMnHI, ausdy swhmxy KVHy ho jWdy qy aus dy hukm dI aufIk krdy[ kI mjwl ausdI koeI hukm AdUlI krdw"[

ies ipCokV ivc vyiKAW smwjI brwbrI qy BrwqrI Bwv dw jo drjw is`K pMQ ny pRwpq kIqw, auh inScy hI vrnxXog hY Aqy ies bwry koeI S`k nhIN rih jWdI ik pMQ ivc sB jwqW dy bMdy Swiml sn, smyq auhnW dy vI ijnHW nUM s`B qoN nIc smiJAw jWdw hY[ pihly Cy gurUAW dy smyN hoey kuJ muKI is`KW dy nwvW dI sUcI BweI gurdws ny AwpxI igAwrvIN vwr ivc id`qI hY[ ies sUcI ivc bRwhmx qoN lY ky cMfwl q`k swrIAW jwqW dy bMdy Swiml sn[ sMn 1881 dI mrdmSumwrI Anuswr, sO is`KW ivcoN nON is`K nIvIN jwq dy cUhVy sn, iesy qrHW cmwr sn[ qyrW kwrIgr jmwq ivcoN, qy auhnW ‘coN A`Dy qrKwx sn[ ies dy ault ie`k hzwr ivcoN isrP cwr bRwhmx sn[

gurU goibMd isMG h`QIN ^wlsw pMQ dI swjnw ny ihMdosqwn dy ieiqhws nMU nvW moV id`qw sI[ ies ieiqhwsk Gtnw qoN 10 ku swlW bwAd dsm pwqSwh ny bMdw isMG bhwdr jI nUM is`KW dw jQydwr Qwp ky pMjwb ByijAw sI[ ijs qrHW bwbw bMdw bhwdr ny m`lW mwrIAW, auh lwswnI sn[ auhnW ny muZlW nUM krwrIAW hwrW id`qIAW qy gurU dy nW dw is`kw vI clwieAw[ ^wlsy dI Cqr CwieAw hyT gurU jI dy supny swkwr hoey sn[ ieh Drm rwj dI sQwpqI v`l zordwr pulwGW sn[ is`K swKIkwr ilKdy hn:

ijnkI jwq Aor kul mwhIN, srdwrI n BeI ikdwhIN]
iqnhI ko srdwr bnwaUN, qby goibMd isMG nwm khwaUN]

Aqy

gu`jr, luhwr, AhIr, kMmjwq]
kMbo, SUdr n ko puCy bwq]
JIvr, nweI, AO roVy, GuimAwr]
sYxI, suinAwry, cUhVy, cimAwr]
Bt AO bRhmx, huqy mMgvwr]
bhu rUpIey lubwxy, AOr GuimAwr]
ien grIb isKn ko dYN pwqSwhI]
Xwd krYN hmrI guirAweI]

Aqy

rwj krygw Kwlsw, AwkI rhy nw koie]
Kvwr hoie sB imlYNgy, bcy Srn jo hoie]

is`K Drm nUM pRPu`ilq krn leI swry hI is`K pYrokwrW ny XQw Xog ih`sw pwieAw sI: K`qrI is`KW ny is`K swihq rcnw krky ies nUM AmIr kIqw, mzHbI is`KW ny &OjW ivc syvw krky qW rwmgVHIey is`KW ny Dwrimk AsQwnW dy inrmwx krky[ iesy qrHW hI dUsry is`KW ny is`K Drm dI bVOqI leI Awpxw Awpxw XQwXog ih`sw pwieAw[

j`sw isMG AwhlUvwlIAw, nvwb kpUr isMG dw jWnSIn, is`K Drm dw sB qoN v`fw kmWfr bixAw[ ausny lhOr ivc is`K pMQ dy nW dw pihlw is`kw clwieAw[ auh klwl qoN is`K bixAw sI[ klwl jwq, smwj ivc bhuq hI GtIAw jwq smJI jWdI sI, qy ies dy Srwb dy pySy nUM n&rq kIqI jWdI sI[ jdoN is`KW dy h`Q rwj AwieAw qW aus vyly dIAW bwrHW imslW ivcoN ie`k imsl dw srdwr j`sw isMG rwmgVHIAw sI, jo qrKwx sI[ Coty G`lUGwry dI AgvweI ie`k hor su`Kw isMG ny kIqI auh vI qrKwx sI[ b^SI isMG Awidl AwpxI pusqk ‘rwmgVHIAW dw ieiqhws’ ivc AnykW hI rwmgVHIey is`KW dw rwjnIqI, swihq, klw, ivigAwn, sMgIq, iemwrq auswrI, &OjI syvw Awid pRqI kIqy Xogdwn dy AnykW hvwilAW dw ibAwn krdy hn[ SmSyr isMG ASok AwpxI pusqk ‘imrwsIAW dw ipCokV’ ivc mIr AwilmW dy Xogdwn dw izkr vI pRsMsw sihq krdy hn; iehnW dI gurbwxI kIrqn nUM dyx dw qW Awm igAwn hY[ iesy qrHW bwkI is`KW ny vI is`K Drm dI au~nqI leI XQwXog ih`sw pwieAw hY[

ShId Bgq isMG 1928 ivc ilKy Awpxy mzmUn ‘ACUq dw svwl’ ivc ies mu`dy qy Awpxy ivcwr ies qrHW pyS krdy hn: "zrw soco qW ik`fI Srm dI g`l hY, ku`qw swfI god ivc bYT skdw hY, swfy cONky ivc inSMg iPrdw hY pr ie`k AwdmI swfy nwl CUh jwvy qW b`s Drm ^rwb ho jWdw hY, Pyr qW pMifq mwlvIAw jI jysY bxy smwj suDwrk, ACUqW dy pRymI hor vI nw jwxy kI kI – pihloN ie`k cUhVy dy h`QoN hwr puAw lYNdy hn, ip`CoN kpiVAW smyq ieSnwn kIiqAW ibnW, Awpxy Awp nUM ASu`D smJdy hn"[ ieh BwvyN is`Dy qOr qy is`KW nwl sbMDq nhIN hY pr ausy svwl nUM, BwrqI smwj dy sMdrB ivc sulJwaux dw Aqy aupwA l`Bx dw hIlw hI hY[ pr A`gy jw ky auh hor ilKdy hn "jdoN ipMfW ivc ikrqI pRcwr SurU hoieAw audoN j`tW nUM srkwrI pRcwr vwly AwdmI ieh g`l smJwA ky BVkwauNdy huMdy sn ik dyKo ieh qW cUhiVAW cpiVAW nUM isr cVHw rhy hn Aqy quhwfw kMm bMd krwaU hn[ bs j`t ieMny ivc hI BUqr gey"[

pr pMjwb qoN bwhr qy ^ws krky Bwrq qoN bwhr is`KI nUM brkrwr r`Kx leI Aqy gurU AsQwn kwiem krn dw ishrw rwmgVHIey is`KW dy isr ’qy hI b`Jdw hY[ iehnW ny isMGwpur, mlySIAw, kInIAw Aqy ieMglYNf Awidk mulkW ivc vI is`KI srUp nUM brkrwr r`iKAw[

is`K Drm dy pRm`uK sQwnW ivc vI jwqpwq nUM muV pikAwaux dy Aqy htwaux dy hvwly brwbr imldy hn[ " ieh vwrqw 20 AkqUbr 1920 dI hY[ jilAWvwly bwZ ivc pMQk iek`T hoieAw[ aus smyN muKI SihrIAW Aqy ^wlsw kwlj dy kuJ AgWhvDU pRo&YsrW ny p`CVIAW SRyxIAW iv`coN nvNy sjy is`KW nUM kVwh-pRSwd dI dyZ cukvw ky sRI hirmMdr swihb m`Qw Aw tyikAw[ sMgq dy iek`T ny &Yslw kIqw ik nIvINAW jwqW vloN ilAwdW pRswd, jo svIkwr nhIN sI kIqw jWdw, aus pRQw nUM ^qm krnw hY[ gRMQIAW qy pujwrIAW nwl qkrwr hoieAw[ auh pRSwd lYx qoN ienkwrI sn[ mgroN ieh pRvwn hoieAw ik sRI gurU gRMQ swihb qoN hukm ilAw jwvy[ mu`K gRMQI BweI &iqh isMG ny vwk ilAw qy mhW vwk AwieAw:

soriT mhlw duqukI
inguixAw ko Awpy bKis ley BweI siqgur kI syvw lwie]
siqgur kI syvw au`qm hY BweI rwm rwm nwim icqu lwie]1]
hir jIAu Awpy bKiS imlwie]
gux hIx hm AprwDI BweI pUry siqgur ley rlwie] rhwau]

aupr

8. pMjwbI swihq

8.1 vwrqk

pMjwbI swihq ivc vI jwqpwq dy i^lw& ilKqW bVIAW G`t imldIAW hn[ sujwn isMG ny kuJ ilKqW ivc Ajyhw pRgtwA kIqw hY[ jsvMq isMG kMvl ny kuJ nwvlW ivc dilq pwqrW dIAW AwriQk sm`isAwvW dw izkr kIqw hY qy kuJ pwqr vI ACUq qbikAW coN ley hn, pr auhnW nUM nwiek vjoN ikDry nhIN icqirAw, sgoN shwiek pwqrW vjoN hI icqirAw hY, jd ik bhuqy swihqrsIey kMvl nUM dil`q–ihqYSI mMndy hn[ aus dy nwvlW dw mu`K ivSw m`D-SryxI vloN inmn- SryxI dw soSx hY[ pr BwrU pwqr auh j`tW coN hI isrjdw hY[ rwmgVHIey pirvwr dy iksy muMfy nUM ipAwr krdI iehdI AwpxI DI dy hoey kql dI KulH ky g`l koeI nhIN krdw[

dUsry pwsy guridAwl isMG Awpxy nwvlW ivc dilqW dI hwlq dy XQwrQ nUM auBwr ky swhmxy ilAWaudw hY "guridAwl isMG ny pihlI vwrI mwlvy dI DrqI AxgOLI DrqI dy Axhoey, AxgOLy, kMmI sIrI, pWfI, kwrIgr Aqy auhnW dy pirvwirk Aqy smwijk sbMDW dw XQwrQ icqrx SkqISwlI FMg nwl kIqw hY[ aus dy nwvlW rwhIN pihlI vwrI pMjwb dy ie`k ivSyS ielwky, mwlvy, dIAW dilq jwqIAW dIAW mu`F-kdIm dIAW pIVW swkwr hoeIAW idsdIAW hn[ guridAwl isMG Awp p`CVI jwqI nwl sbMDq hY Aqy aus ny swrw du`K drd Awpxy ipMfy ’qy shwirAw hY"[

Em pRkwS gwso dw nW vI auhnW lyKkW ivc igixAw jWdw hY, ijnHW ny nIvIAW qy dilq SRyxIAW ivcoN Awpxy nwvlW dy pwqr cuxy hn[ gwso Awp BwvyN bRwhmx hY, pr aus dI suihrdqw Aqy hmdrdI dilqW nwl juVI hoeI hY[ aus ny Awpxy nwvlW ivc vDyry krky GuimAwr, bwzIgr, cUhVy, cmwr, imrwsI Aqy ryhVy vwilAW pwqrW nUM icqirAw hY[ "Aws A`QrU" nwvl dI Buimkw ivc auh Awp mMndw hY:- "mYN ies mwr KWdy Aw rhy p`K dw hwmI hW, qy auhnW dy h`kW dI vkwlq krdw hW[ iehI lok AslI Bwrq hn"[ pr myvw isMG is`DU nUM gwso pRqI vI ieqrwz hY:- " jd AsIN nIJ nwl aus (gwso) dy nwvlW dw AiDAYn krdy hW qW ieh g`l vI kMvl dy jwqIvwd jW j`tvwd dw iSkwr hox dy nyVy hI jw Fu`kdI hY[ aus dy swry pwqrW ivc hI iek AwdrS pwqr huMdw hY, auh pwqr pMifq hI ikauN huMdw hY? auh GuimAwr, bwzIgr, cUhVw jW cmwr ikaNu nw hoieAw? kI gwso dI ieh jwqIvwd dw iSkwr hox vwlI kmzorI nhIN?"

krmjIq k`usw, gurbcn isMG rwE Aqy inMdr ig`l dy nwvl A`g dy gIq, imSwlcI Aqy dwsqwn dilqW dI nwvl dilq sm`isAwvW bwry hI hn[ AqrjIq, ikRpwl kzwk, prym gorKI ny vI kuJ khwxIAW ivc dilq pwqr ley hn[ nwtkkwr crn dws is`DU ny sucyq qOr ’qy ies sm`isAw nUM cuixAw hY qy aus dy pwqr J`tp`t pCwxy jwx vwly, j`g-zwihr inmn-SryxI dy hn[

aupr

8.2 kivqw

kivqw Kyqr ivc dilq cyqnw dw pRgtwA krdw muhrYl kvI gurdws rwm Awlm hY[ aus ny AwpxIAW swrIAw pusqkW ivc hI dilq hwv Bwv vwLIAW rcnwvW pyS kIqIAW hn[ aus qoN bwAd lwl isMG idl, sMq rwm audwsI, fw. hirBjn isMG Awid nW AwauNdy hn[ Ajoky smyN ivc dilq lihr dy pRBwv hyT hor lyKkW ny vI ieDr mUMh moiVAw hY[

ieh vrx vMf swihq ivc vI cldI rhI hY Aqy Ajy vI cldI hY[ sMq isMG syKoN Aqy kulvMq isMG ivrk nwl juVy AnykW vwikAwq qW Awm pqw hI hn[ AnykW hor hn ijhVy lokW dI jwxkwrI qoN bwhr hn[ syKoN Aksr Bry smwgmW ivc dilq lyKkW dI jwq nOL ky auhnW nUM nIvW idKwaux dIAW hrkqW krdw huMdw sI qy iksy lyKk nMU iksy swihq vMngI jW ivDw qy ilKx leI slwh vI aus dI ibrwdrI dy ihswb nwl hI idAw krdw sI[

ip`Cy ijhy pRym pRkwS ny lkIr dw jwqpwq AMk k`F ky keI hor nukqy vI swihq jgq dy iDAwn gocry kIqy[ ienwm-snmwn AwpxI hI jwq-ibrwdrI dy lyKkW nUM idvwaux dy AxAYlwny auprwly kIqy-krwey jWdy hn[ AmrjIq cMdn, lwl isMG idl bwry ilKidAW d`sdw hY ik lwl nMU ku`tdy j`t pulsIAW ny kihxw "dyeIey quhwnMU jmInW cmwro"? ieh ivqkry vwLI pRQw kimaUinst pwrtIAW ivc vI pRcilq hY[ cMdn iek hor QW ilKdw hY ik keI j`t kwmryf sI pI AweI nUM eys leI G`t ienklwbI smJdy sn, ikauNik aus ivc bhu igxqI Bwpy kwmryfW dI sI[ mzdUr jmwq jW dilqW dI injwq nUM qurIAW kimaUinst pwrtIAW ivc jy dilq lIfr hox vI qW isr& hyTlI p`Dr qIk hI rih jWdy hn[ ikswnI (is`K) dilqW nUM Awpxy nwl joVn nUM kdy vI rwzI nhIN huMdI, jy hovy vI qW vkqI qOr ’qy Awpxy mu&wdW leI hI huMdI hY[ G`t zmIn vwly jW zmIn-hIxy ikswn Awpxy qoN srdy pujdy dilqW nwl vI nIvW jW GtIAw slUk krdy hn Aqy fUMGyrI sWJ pwaux qoN hmySW hI SrmwA jWdy hn[

lkIr dy hI ikrq AMk ivc ieMglYNf dw koeI lyKk kihMdw hY ik jdoN iksy nUM hIxw idKwaux dy hor qrIky nw c`lx qW AwpxI j`t jwq d`s ky Aqy Agly dI jwq pu`C ky vI Fwh lwaux dI koiSS kIqI jWdI hY, ‘AsIN j`t huMdy hW’ ies qoN v`D kwrgr hiQAwr hor koeI nhIN hY[

BweI kwhn isMG nwBy vwiLAW dw is`KW ivc au~Gw nW hY[ iehnW dy mhwnkoS ivc igAwnI id`q isMG dw izkr hI nhIN hY[ieh rivdwsIAw ivdvwn BweI jI dw smkwlI hI sI[ hrbMs isMG dw is`KW dw ienswieklopIfIAw vI mShUr hY[ pr dohW ivc hI bIr isMG rMgrytw dw izkr qk nhIN; AkwlI PUlw isMG dI jwq bwry dovyN c`up hn, pr nwBy vwly BweI jI ivMg vl pw ky j`t is`D kr jWdy hn[

dohW hI ivdvwnW dI nIqI dyKx vwLI hY; nIvIAW jwqW dy is`KW dw izkr krdy smyN jW qW auhnW dI jwq lukoNdy hn jW eyV gyV nwL j`t is`D krdy hn, pr jdoN iksy j`t is`K bwry ilKdy hn qW g`l hI ‘j`t’ kihky qordy hn["ieh g`T BweI kwhn isMG horW dy mn ivc b`JI hoeI sI[ mhwrwjw rxjIq isMG sWsI sI, pr BweI jI BwVy dy joqSIAW vWg A`KrW dy hyr Pyr nwl mhwn koS ivc aus dI jwq ies qrHW ibAwn krdy hn: sWhsI, iek j`t goqR[ ivdvwnW ny ies dw mUl sMsikRq "swhsI" Sbd smiJAw hY[ ijs dw ArQ hY ihMmqI, hTIAw qy blvwn[ pMjwb kysrI mhwrwjw vI iesy goqR dw hI sI[ sWsI jwq ies qoN v`K hY[ ie`k nIc jwq, jo jrwiempySw qy ^wnwbdoS hY"[ dws ny Ajy qweIN koeI sWhsI goq dw j`t vyiKAw suixAw nhIN[ rxjIq isMG dy sWsI hox bwry Syr isMG Syr qy jgjIq isMG cOhwn vyrvy nwl ilK cu`ky hn[

hor qW hor, Ajoky smyN dy is`K lIfrW coN hrcMd isMG lONgovwl dI jwq bwry qW hrbMs isMG dw iensweIklopIfIAw c`up hY, pr iBMfrWvwly nUM cmqkwrI brwV j`t vjoN drj krdw hY [

aupr

9. mOjUdw smwijk siQqI

vrx vMf is`KW ivcoN vI pUrI qrHW ^qm nw ho ky dubwrw pkyrI ho rhI/geI jwpdI hY; KqrI is`K j`t is`KW nUM nIvyN smJdy hn[ j`t is`K, jy kMboj is`KW Aqy rwmgVIey is`KW nUM Awpxy nwloN GtIAw is`K smJdy hn qW kMboj is`K, A`goN rwmgVHIey is`KW nUM hIxy smJdy hn[ hyTly is`KW dI qW g`l hI kI hY[ rwmgVHIey is`K, rivdwsIey Aqy mzbI is`KW nUM vI Awpxy qoN GtIAw hI smJdy hn[ iPr A`goN rivdwsIey is`KW qy mzHbI is`KW dy Awpxy vKryvyN vI auvyN hI kwiem hn[ is`KW ivc hI iksy is`K dI kihxI krnI, ikrdwr, rihxI bihxI qy ivcwrW dI au~qmqw nUM A`KoN auhly krky ausdI dI jwq dy ihswb nwl hI jwnx-prKx dI kurIq pRcilq hY[ fw. drSn isMG, pRo&Ysr Aqy cYArmYn ifpwrtmYNt Aw`v gurU nwnk is`K st`fIz pMjwb XUnIvristI cMfIgVH, ‘rMgryitAW dw ieiqhws’ dw mu`K bMd ilKidAW izkr krdy hn "is`K Drm jwqpwq nUM nw mMndw hoieAw vI dilq vrgW ivcoN Awaux vwly is`KW nUM is`KW vjoN pUrw pUrw siqkwr nhIN idMdw[ ies g`l qoN hI is`D hY ik is`K bRwhmxvwd dy pRBwv ArQwq jwqpwq ivcoN nhIN inkly[ ieh g`l TIk hY Aqy ieh is`K BweIcwry leI bhuq v`fI qRwsdI hY, pr iesy qRwsdI dw iSkwr A`goN dilq vrg vI hY[ aunHW ivc vI Agy jwqpwq kwiem hY"[ iesy pusqk bwry ilKidAW fw. gurmuK isMG ilKdy hn "is`K ieiqhws ivc aunHW lokW dw keI QWeI izkr hY, ijnHW ny AOK dI GVI ivc siqgurW dw swQ C`f id`qw, AwpxIAW jwnW bcweIAW qy mOkwpRsq hox dw sbUq id`qw[ gurU nUM swDwrn mnu`K qoN v`D nw smiJAw qy AwpxI qnKwh lYx leI gurU nUM Gyrn qk gey, Kws krky brwV[ pr bilhwry jweIey ienHW rMgryitAW qy hor qQw kiQq nIvINAW jwqW dy is`K SrDwlUAW dy ijnHW ny is`KI kysW suAwsW nwl inBwauNidAW gurU nUM pwrbRhm dw rUp jwxidAW qn, mn, DMn nwl swQ id`qw[ izMdgI dI pRvwh nw kridAW hr AOkV ivc nwl inBy"[ gurU swihbwn dy smyN qoN bwAd is`K Drm ivc hor igrwvtW dy nwl nwl jwqpwq dy i^lw& kIqy au~dmW ivc iF`l SurU ho geI qy bwAd ivc ieh is`K Drm ivc vI ihMdU Drm vWg hI pRcilq ho igAw[ smyN dy vhwA nwl iPr jwqpwq dy h`QIN cVH ky rih igAw hY[

A`j kl AimRq pRcwr qy bhuq zor id`qw jw irhw hY, pr ivDI ivgV geI hY[ gurU jI jdoN AimRq dwq idMdy sn qW mn`uK dy AMdroN sB kuJ purwxw mwr id`qw jWdw sI, swrw hMkwr ^qm ho jWdw sI[ purwqnqw dw iqAwg Aqy nvyN dw jnm ho jWdw sI[ gurU dw is`K AwzwdI dw pRqIk sI[ svwl au~Tdw hY A`j klH ikMny ku AimRqDwrI hn, ijhVy s`cIEN hI jwqpwq ivc XkIn nhIN krdy Aqy ies nUM ^qm krn dy Asl auprwly krdy hn[

is`K Drm v`loN ies dy doKIAW nwl vI auhnW dI jwq dy AwDwr qy hI inbiVAw jWdw hY[ dsmyS gurU jI dy Coty do swihbzwidAW dI Shwdq ’c BweIvwl kiQ`q doSI gMgU nUM qW is`K prcwrk Aqy ieiqhwskwr pwxI pI pI ky vI nOLdy nhIN Q`kdy, pr ausy Shwdq ’c vfyry BweIvwl cmkOry j`t dI ausy ihswb jW drjy nwl inMidAw qW dUr dI g`l hY, aus dw izkr krnoN vI sMg jWdy hn[

aupr

10. dys-ivdyS ivc siQqI

ivdySW ivc gurU Gr vI jwqW dy AwDwr ’qy hI auswry jWdy hn Aqy iesy qrHW hI jwxy-pCwxy jWdy hn msiln, j`tW dw gurduuAwrw, rivdwsIAW dw gurduAwrw, rwmdwsIAW dw gurduAwrw, rwmgVHIAW dw gurduAwrw, GumwrW dw gurduAwrw, mzbI is`K gurduAwrw qy BwtiVAW dw gurdUAwrw Awid[ hor qW hor ieMglYNf ivc qW p`bW Aqy kl`bW dy nW-kunW vI BwrqI jwqW dy AwDwr ’qy pw ley jWdy hn, cmwrW dw p`b, cUhiVAW dw kl`b Aqy j`tW dw p`b Awid[ ij`Qy ikDry QoVI bhuq is`K eykqw hY vI, auh vI AhuidAW vyly jwqpwq dw iSkwr ho jWdI hY[ dws ny Aijhw spyn dy Sihr bwrsIlonw dy gurduAwry ivKy ^ud dyiKAw hY[ v`KrI rwey r`Kx vwly nUM jW mmUlI kuqwhI ho jwx dI sUrq ivc ausdI jwq dw cyqw krvw ky aus nUM ‘itkwxy r`Kx’ dw kukrm kIqw jWdw hY[ ieMglYNf dy mShUr Sihr kvYNtrI ivKy pMjwb XUnIvristI dy grYjUeyt rivdwsIey h`QoN ikswnI nwl sbMDq AnpVH j`t ny kVwh-pRSwd lYx qoN ienkwr kr id`qw sI Aqy Awp hI pRSwd vrqwauxw SurU kr id`qw sI[

ieMglYNf dy hI bY~f&orf Sihr ivKy pihlw gurduAwrw auswrn vyly ikswnI nwl sMbDq is`KW ny ikhw sI "cUhVy-cmwrW koloN augrwhI lY ky gurUduAwrw bxw lE, bwAd ivc iehnW nUM ku`t ky Bjw idAWgy"[ ies g`l dI sUh imlx qy A`f A`f gurduAwry hoNd ivc Aw gey sn; ies qrHW dy vwikAwq Aksr Gtdy rihMdy hn[ ieMglYNf Aqy dUsry p`CmI mulkW ivc ies g`l dI mh`qqw hor vI v`D jWdI hY jdoN G`t igxqI BweIcwry AMgryzW dy nslvwdI jW p`KpwqI rv`eIey nUM inMddy hI swh nhIN lYNdy[ ieh siQqI hwsohIxI vI bxdI hY Aqy dMBI vI, jdoN AKOqI au~cy is`K Awp qW GtIAw vrqwA idn rwq krdy hn, pr AMgryzW vloN iehnW nwl kIqy ivqkry vwly vqIry vyly ieh iensw& dI mMg bVy hI zor Sor nwl krdy hn[

is`K isAwsq ivc vI nIvINAW jwqW nwl sMbDq is`KW nUM GtIAw Aqy G`t Asr rsUK vwly Ahudy hI id`qy jWdy hn[ is`K (AkwlI) isAwsq coN iksy rivdwsIey jW mzHbI is`K qW dUr dI g`l rhI, iksy rwmgVHIey, kMboj, jW sYxI is`K dy pMjwb dw mu`K mMqrI bxn dI g`l kdy nhIN cldI[ ies dy kwrx qW luky iCpy hoey nhIN hn[ SRomxI kmytI dw pRDwn iksy ZYr-j`t is`K ny Ajy bxnw hY[ iksy rivdwsIey is`K jW mzHbI is`K ny Akwl q^q dw jQydwr vI Ajy bxnw hY[

A`j k`l vI ipMfW ivc nIvINAW jwqW dy is`KW nUM Awpxy murdy v`fIAW jwqW vwilAW dy isivAW ivc swVn dI iezwjq nhIN hY[

ipCly swlW ivc hI Akwl q^q vloN krwr id`qy gey cwr qnKwhIey is`KW – fw. ipAwr isMG, fw. AmrjIq isMG gryvwl, swbkw kyNdrI mMqrI bUtw isMG qy fw. ipSOrw isMG- nwl vI aunHW dy AKOqI gunwhW nwloN auhnW dI jwq-ibrwdrI dy AwDwr qy nij`iTAw igAw vDyry pRqIq huMdw hY[ pMjwb ivc dihSqgrdI dy idnW ivc igAwnI zYl isMG nUM isAwsI v`KryNivAW dy AwDwr qy hI Es smyN dy BwrU is`KW ny aus nUM is`K mMnx qoN hI ienkwr kIqw sI[

AnykW hI siqnwmIey is`KW Aqy vxjwry is`KW nwl pMjwb dy swry is`K hI GtIAw vrqwA krdy hn[ auhnW nUM brwbr dy is`K igxnw jW aunHW dIAW muSiklW vl iDAwn dy ky aunHW nMU Gtwauxw jW inbyVxw qW dUr dI g`l hY, auhnW dI siQqI nMU sgoN AxgOiLAw hI kr id`qw jWdw hY[ ies is`K muSikl v`l Ajy iksy suihrd is`K dw iDAwn hI nhIN igAw ijhVw ik icMqwjnk siQqI dw lKwiek qW hY hI, ieEN is`KW ivc brwbrI dy isDWq v`loN mUMh moV lYx dI gvwhI imldI hY[

dySW ivdySW dy A^bwrW ivc irSiqAW dy ieSiqhwr vI is`KW dw jwqpwq ivc pRcilq XkIn hox Aqy hor vDyry prp`k hoeI jwx dw sbUq hI pyS krdy hn[ keI A^bwrW ivc qW j`t is`KW dy Matrimonial vI dUsry is`KW nwloN v`Kry kwlmW ivc id`qy jWdy imldy hn[ AMqrjwqI ipAwr ivAwh ho jwx dI sUrq ivc Aksr JUTy kysW ivc Psw ky AiV`ky fwhy jWdy hn, v`F-vFWgw hoo jWdw hY, kql ho jWdy hn[

aupr

11. isAwsqdwnW dw rv`eIAw

1997 ivc mihl klW dy blwqkwr-kql kys ivc AkwlI-is`K ivDwiek Aqy kimaUinst (is`K) isAwsqIey vI nw isr& cu`p hI nhIN v`t gey sn, sgoN doSIAW dI FHwL jw bxy sn[ ikauNik doSI auhnW dy nyVly hmwieqI sn[

ipCly swl hI Qwxw mlot dy ipMf Swm KyVw ivKy auQoN dy gRMQI vloN auDwlIAW kuVIAW dw kys vI SRomxI kmytI vloN gRMQI dI srpRsqI krn krky hI A`gy nhIN sI qur sikAw[

28 mwrc 1999 dIAW pMjwbI A^bwrW Anuswr SRomxI kmytI dI kwrjkwrnI dy mYNbr ny Qwxw sMgqpurw dy ipMf nMd gVH dy iksy ZrIb ikswn dIAW A`KW ivc nIlw QoQw pw ky AMnHw kr idqw sI, pr iksy is`K ny hmdrdI nw ijqweI, nw hI AkwlI srkwr ny koeI kwrvweI krn dw hONslw idKwieAw hY[

dihSqgrdI dy vyiLAW vyly is`K Avwm Aqy dUsry nIvINAW jwqW dy lok ijhVI nrkW ijhI izMdZI ‘coN Zuzry sn, auhdy bwry suihrdqw nwl g`l G`t huMdI hY[ aus smyN dy jrvwixAW dw p`K pUrn dI g`l vDyry auBwr ky kIqI jWdI hY[ aus dOr dy mzlUmW dI g`l is`K BweIcwry vloN G`t kIqI jWdI hY[

sRI hirmMdr swihb dy cwr drvwzy r`Kx ip`Cy gurU jI dw mksd cONhW hI vrxW dw ibnW iksy BydBwv Aqy rok tok dy drbwr swihb vloN jI AwieAW kihxw Aqy syvw dw mOkw muh`eIAw krnw sI[ ies qrHW huMdw vI irhw hY[ pr ies Bwvnw ip`Cly mMqv – hr qrHW dI brwbrI- nUM iblkul AxgOiLAW kIqw jWdw hY[ gurU jI ny drbwr swihb dI nINh sweIN mIAW mIr jI qoN r`Kvwauxw, ie`ko srovr coN ieSnwn krn dI iprq pwauxw Awpxy smyN dIAW bhuq hI auswrU qy AgWhvDU qy mwnvvwdI iprqW sn[ hux iqMn cwr sO swl qoN v`D smW bIq jwx bwAd jd eys pwsy nzr mwrIdI hY, qW lgdw hY jwqpwq qW auvyN dI auvyN hY, GtI nhIN[ sgoN is`KI dy nW qy Awpxy Awpxy A`f A`f gurduAwry DVw DV bxwey jw rhy hn[ ieQoN q`k ky Dwrimk AwgU Aqy is`KI dy nW qy rwjnIqI clwaNudy lIfr vI AijhIAW BwvnwvW dw iSkwr hn[ is`KI vI v`j g`j ky c`lI jWdI hY, Aqy nwl dI nwl jwqIvwd qy Dwrimk k`tVpuxw vI TwTW mwrI jWdw hY[ koeI is`K Awpxy inAwxy dUjI jwq jW Drm ivc mMgxy ivAwhuxy psMd nhIN krdw[

mwisk pMjwb tUfy dy ^wlsw swjnw dy 300vyN swl vwly ivsyS AMk dy pMnw 75 qy ^wlsw pMQ nUM drpyS msilAW ‘coN jwqpwq bwry QoVw ijhw izkr ies qrW hY: 300 swl pihlW mrdy mujwihd, ienklwbI rUh, kwiml murSd, swihby klwm gurU goibMd isMG jI ny ‘srb`q dy Bly’ leI AkwlpurKI KMfy dI Dwr ‘coN ^wlsw pMQ pRgt kIqw[ bRwhmxvwdI mwniskqw dy iSkwr smwj ‘coN jwq, kul, ikrq dI vifAweI myt ky srb`qvwdI ^wlsw &Oj iqAwr kIqI[ p`CVy, ilqwVy, durkwry, ZrIb, byshwrw lokW nUM AwpxI hoxI ^ud GVn leI zulm, byiensw&I, D`ky ZulwmI dy ivru`D iekmuT`qw nwl jUJx dI jwc isKweI[ ‘ZrIb is`Kn’ nUM pwqSwhI dyx vwly mrd AgMmVy dI swjI ^wlsw POj ny srb`q dy Bly vwlw ‘^wlsw rwj’ sQwipq krn leI lMmw sMGrS kIqw hY[ kuJ smW pw ky mhwrwjw rxjIq isMG dy rwj dy rUp ivc A`D-pc`Dw ‘^wlsw rwj’ QoVy icr leI kwiem vI kIqw, pr auh sdIvI nw rih sikAw[

lMfn qoN Cpdy Eastern Eye Weekly vloN ^wlsw pMQ dI swjnw dy 300 vyN idn bwry k`Fy Kws AMk ivc is`KW dIAW pRwpqIAW dy izkr dy nwl nwl kuJ nukqy auBwry hn, ijhnW ‘coN jwqpwq bwry ieauN hY: Which other faith struggles to abolish the caste system; believes in one God; firmly rejects idol worship. champions women’s’ rights; strongly believes in human rights and strives to instil a sense of pride and equality in men and women?

Sadly , the same can’t be said for Sikhs on this side of the Atlantic, where the religion has had to take back seat over the last three decades. This is through no fault of the first generation of British Sikhs who – understandably - devoted their lives to building homes, careers, and futures for their families. Coupled with racism on the streets and discrimination in the work place, they had no time to keep the faith alive. However, now that they have achieved many of those goals, may be it’s time to bring Sikhism – and its’ core message to the fore. And if this process is to begin, one of the first things to be looked at is the issue of Casteism. Why is it that many second generation Sikhs would be hard pushed to name the 10 Gurus but in a flash could explain the finer distinctions between Jat, Ramgharia and Bhatra Sikhs. Why most of the Gurudwaras in Britain are run along caste specific lines? And why, when scanning the Punjabi weekly papers, does the caste appear more important than a person’s qualifications? Where in the Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib, does it instruct hypocritical parents to teach their offspring about caste discrimination?

Guru Gobind Singh urged his followers to inter-marry (a practice forbidden under the cast system) telling them all men were equal under the eyes of God and that fundamentally they were all Sikhs now, not oppressed Hindus. Yet very rarely will you find Sikhs inter-marrying. Sadly, like all faiths, with the passing of time the religion appears to have gradually moved further away from its founding principles.

iksy is`K j`QybMdI vloN jwqpwq nUM Gtwaux jW ^qm krn dw koeI aucycw auprwlw kIqw nzr nhIN AwauNdw[ Aijhy svwl pu`Cx dI sUrq ivc gurbwxI dy hvwly dyy dy ky hI AslI mu`dy nUM trkwaux dI koiSS kIqI jWdI hY[ drAsl qW Aijhw krn ip`Cy jwqpwq dI siQqI dI nUM kbUlx qoN ienkwr hY, ijhVI ik is`K smwj ivc vI BwrqI smwj vWg Gwqk bImwrI vWg cldI hY[

iksy is`K leI is`K ho ky is`K drSn dy isDwqW qy pihrw nw dyx vwilAW pRqI sRI gurU gRMQ swihb ivc rwmklI m: Aqy Slok vwrW qy vDIk m: ivc drj hY:

ihMdU ky Gr ihMdU Awvy[ sUq jnyaU pV gl pwvY]
suq pwie krY birAweI[ nwqw Doqw Qwie n pweI]

KqRI so ju krmw kw sUr[ puMn dwn kw kry srIru
Kyqu pCwxY bIjY dwnu[ so KqrI drgwh prvwxu[
lbu loBu jy kUVu kmwvY[ Awpxw kIqw Awpy pwvY[

gurU swihbwn dy aucry bcn ijMny ihMdUAW qy K`qrIAW leI nsIhq vwly sn, Eny hI jwqpwq dy sMdrB ivc is`KW leI hn[

^wlsy dI iqMn sO swlw swjnw SqwbdI kul dunIAW ivc is`K BweIcwry ny bVy cwA nwl mnweI[ sMswr Br dI prY~s ny, ^ws krky pMjwbI prY~s ny, ivSyS AMk k`Fy[ pMjwbI dIAW pqRikwvW qy nzr mwr ky dyiKAw jwvy, qW quhwnUM iksy inbMD ivc vI sm`ucy qOr ’qy is`K Drm nUM Aqy is`K Avwm nUM drpyS gMBIr msly ‘jwqpwq’ bwry izkr qk nhIN hY[ auNj BwvNy bhuqy lyKW ivc gurbwxI dIAW tUkW dy ky is`K ivcwrDwrw ivc jwqpwq dI inKyDI dy AMSk rUp ivc kuJ ku hvwly zrUr iml jWdy hn[gurbwxI dw jwqpwq dy i^lw& ijhwd Aqy kuJ h`d q`k sPlqw qW j`g zwihr hI hY[svwl qW ies nUM p`ikAW qOr qy ^qm krky gurU AwSy Anuswr ibhqr smwj isrj lYx dw hY[ ijs qoN is`K bhuq dUr hMudy jw rhy hn[

mwn isMG inMrkwrI is`K Drm dy mMny pRmMny ivdvwn hn Aqy drpyS sm`isAwvW pRqI Aksr Xog suJwA idMdy rihMdyy hn[ iksy hor sm`isAw pRqI suJwA idMidAW ilKdy hn " vMfIAW pwauxw bRwhmxvwd dI pRQw hY.^wlsy dy jnm idn dI qIsrI SqwbdI dy mhwn Avsr dI ^uSI mnwaNudy hoey sB nUM gLy lweIey":

sBu ko AwsY qyrI bYTw]
Gt Gt AMqir qUM hY vuTw]
sBY sWJIvwl sdwiein]
qUM iksY n idsih bwhrw jIau]

^wlsw pMQ dy 300 sO swlw mubwrk idn nwloN vDIAw mOkw is`K BweIcwry leI nhIN hovygw, ijs idn nMU mnwaNuidAW is`K Awpxw Aihdnwmw duhrw ky jwqpwq dy i^lw& sMGrS ivc AweI iF`l nUM dUr krky gurU swihbwn dy mnsUibAW nUM AslI jwmw pihnwaux ivc sPl hox leI Ardws krn[ nhIN qW hux qk AweI iF`l hI ieh pRq`K pRBwv idMdI hY ik is`K Drm vI jwqpwq coN inkl nhIN sikAw[

aupr


12. somyN qy shwiek pusqkW

a. somyN qy shwiek pusqkW

  1. gurU gRMQ swihb
  2. dsm gRMQ swihb: BweI rxDIr isMG pM. XU. pitAwlw 1995
  3. jgjIq isMG is`K ienklwb, lok gIq pRkwSn 1987
  4. ipAwrw isMG pdm; dsm gRMQ drSn, isMG bRdrz 1990
  5. ipAwrw isMG pdm, sRI gurU Amr dws jI dI bwxI pM. XU. pitAwlw 1994
  6. ipAwrw isMG pdm, sRI gurU gRMQ mihmw koS, pM. XU. pitAwlw 1991
  7. ipAwrw isMG pdm, rihqnwmy (sMpwidq) isMG bRdrz 1995
  8. ipRM. siqbIr isMG, swfw ieiqhws (ds pwqSwhIAW)inaU bu`k kMpnI 1986
  9. mnmohx isMG, dsm gRMQ ivc im`Q rUpWqrx, lok swihq pRkwSn 1997
  10. hrbMs isMG cwvlw, gurU gRMQ bwxI ivc smwijk smkwlI icqr pMjwbI koApryitv suswietI 1990
  11. srdUl isMG kvISr, is`K Drm drSn, pMjwbI XUnIvristI pitAwlw 1993
  12. kulbIr isMG kWg, kRWqIkwrI mhW-kvI gurU nwnk, pRIq pRkwSn 1989
  13. dIvwn isMG, Bgq rivdws drsn gurU nwnk dyv XUnIvristI 1987
  14. Drm pwl isMgl; BgqW dI bwxI, nYSnl bu`k tr`st 1994
  15. ihMmq isMG soFI, gurU pMQ qy BwrqI pRsMg lokgIq pRkwSn 1990
  16. ShId Bgq isMG qy swQIAW dIAW ilKqW, rYfIkl pRkwSn 1985
  17. inrMjx isMG AwirPI, rMgryitAW dw ieiqhws, iltrycr hwaUs 1993
  18. inrMjx s AwirPI, jIvn isMG rMGrytw-jIvn qy sMGrS, mMgl pRkwSn 1994
  19. bKSI isMG Awidl, sMpUrn rwmgVHIAW dw ieiqhws, nvIn pRkwSn 1977
  20. gurnwm isMG rwey,j`sw isMG rwmgVHIAw, pM. XU. pitAwlw 1987
  21. s. s. ASok, imrwsIAW dw ipCokV, rvI swihq pRkwSn 1974
  22. krnYl isMG shoqw, gurU kw bytw- bwbw jIvn isMG, isrjxw pRY~s 1995

A. AMgryzI

  1. S.S.Kohli:Guru Granth Sahib An Analytical Study, Singh Bros.1992
  2. Gyani Sher Singh : Philosophy of Sikhism, S.G.P.C. 1993 edition
  3. V T Rajshekhar Shetty: Apartheid in India , A. D.V 1984
  4. J S Hutton, Caste in India page OUP1963
  5. Lala Har Dyal, Hints for Self Culture
  6. W Irvine: Late Mugals
  7. Encyclopaedia Religion and Ethics part II

e. piqRkwvW

  1. Koj piqRkw – sqMbr 1985 gurmiq kwiv AMk pMjwbI XunIvristI
  2. Koj piqRkw – nvMbr 1969 gurU nwnk ivsyS AMk pMjwbI XunIvristI
  3. Koj drpx jnvrI 1980 gurU nwnk dyv XUnIvristI
  4. pMjwb tUfy ^wlsw isrjxw idvs AprYl 1999
  5. gRytr lweI& ^wlsw isrjxw idvs AprYl 1999
  6. AwrsI ^wlsw isrjxw idvs AprYl 1999
  7. sMq ispwhI ^wlsw isrjxw idvs AprYl 1999
  8. Aks ^wlsw isrjxw idvs AprYl 1999
  9. pMj dirAw ^wlsw isrjxw idvs AprYl 1999
  10. pMjwbI fweIjYst ^wlsw isrjxw idvs AprYl 1999
  11. lkIr jwqpwq AMk nvMbr-dsMbr 1992

s. rozwnw A^bwr

  1. AjIq
  2. pMjwbI itRibUn
  3. nvW zmwnw
  4. A`j dI Awvwz

h. h&qyvwr A^bwr

1. Eastern Eye April 1999

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