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mhU (mhwrwStr) 'c 14 AprYl 1891 nUM jnm bwAd surq sBwlx dy smyN qoN hI Kud nUM dyS 'c hoeI AwriQk/smwjk kwxI vf dw iSkwr hoxw ipAw[ jmwq dy kmry 'c svrn jwqW dy b`icAW nwl nhIN sI bYTx id`qw jWdw[ ieQoN q`k skl ivc bYTx leI twt dw tukVw vI GroN lY ky jwxw pYNdw sI[ bwhr pey sWJy GVy ivcoN pwxI pIx dI vI mnwhI sI[ dilq smwj dI durdSw dw sqwp ienHW qoN dyiKAw nw igAw[ jn-jIvn 'c cwr cuPyry hudy glq vrqwry 'coN Bry mn nwl ivcrdy rhy[ smyN dI nzwkq nUM smJdy hoey iPr aunHW dyS dI aulJI qwxI bwxI sulJwaux leI dilq Aqy pCVy vrgW leI ividAw zrUrI smJI[ ies Dwrnw nwl auh aucyrI ividAw pRwpqI leI ju`t gey[

fw Abyfkr ny kolMbIAw XnIvristI qoN AYmey, pI-AYc fI, ausmwnIAw XnIvristI qoN fI ilt, lMfn XnIvristI qoN bwr AYt lwA, kolMbIAw XnIvristI ny aunHW nUM fw AwP iPlwsPI Aqy lMfn XnIvristI ny fwktr AwP swies dI ifgrI pRdwn kIqI, iesy XnIvristI ny bwbw swihb fwktr Abyfkr nUM BwrqI sivDwn iqAwr krn dy snmwn vjoN fwktr AwP lwA dI aupwDI nwl snmwnq kIqw[ aunHW dIAW ienHW swrIAW ividAk pRwpqIAW ny sswr p`Dr 'qy dyS nUM brwbr rOSn kIqw[ mnu`KI AiDkwrW dI jg lVn leI ies AnuBvI Aqy AxKI SKsIAq ny AqrrwStrI p`Dr 'qy XnIvristIAW 'coN ifgrIAW hwsl krn qoN bwAd ienHW dy igAwn nUM sWJy rUp vjoN Aripq kIqw[ aunHW smyN nUM mu`K r`KidAW pVHo, juVo Aqy sGrS kro dw nwArw bulMd kIqw, ijs qihq pihlW pCV cu`ky smwj ivc is`iKAw pRqI pRyr ky eykqw v`l nUM auqyijq kIqw qW ik piVHAw iliKAw smwj Awpxy h`kW pRqI jwgrUk ho ky Kud Aqy smwjk gulwmI dIAW zjIrW qoV sky[ iesy jwigRqI dw iek ih`sw sI ik aunHW pIpl AYjUkySn suswietI' dI buinAwd r`KI ijs ny is`iKAw ssQwvW KolHIAW Aqy ividAk pRwpqI leI pyRirAw[

bwbw swihb ny is`tw k`iFAw ik rwjnIqk qwkq hI swrIAW sm`isAwvW dw h`l hY[ ieh qwkq hwsl krn dy mnSy nwl aunHW lokW nUM iblt' rUpI bolt' vot rUpI hiQAwr dI AihmIAq bwry d`isAw hI nhIN sgoN ies h`k nUM idvwieAw ijs nwl ieh qwkq hwsl kIqI jw skdI sI[ ies Adoln 'c nvIN jwn audoN BrI jdoN aunHW dIAW qkrIrW nwl lokW 'c jwigRqI AweI ik aunHW cOdwr qlwA 'coN pwxI pIx dy AiDkwr nUM AmlI rUp id`qw[ ies muihm qihq kwlw rwm mdr ivc dwKly dw morcw vI sr kIqw qy isKr audoN hoeI jdoN iek hor morcy dOrwn fw Abyfkr ny Cq-Cwq qy aUc-nIc nUM Dwrimk mwnqw pRwpq krn vwlI mnUM ismrqI nUM hzwrW lokW dI mOjUdgI ivc A`g dI Byt kIqw[ auh AwpxI g`l nUM lokW q`k phucwaux leI mIfIey nUM vI brwbr mh`qvpUrn mn ky c`ly, ijs qihq aunHW smyN-smyN Koj gRQW nUM iliKAw qW jo smwj dy ividAw pRwpq lok A`gy ivcwr skx Aqy nwl hI aunHW keI v`K-v`K AKbwrW dw vI pRkwSn kIqw[ ienHW AKbwrW 'coN mUk-nwiek, bihSikRq Bwrq, smqw Aqy jnqw Awid ny v`fI p`Dr 'qy qrQ`lI mcweI[

jdoN 1947 'c Bwrq dI AwzwdI qoN bwAd sivDwn dI rcnw dI sm`isAw drpyS AweI qW ies leI 296 mYNbrW dI sivDwn kmytI 'coN 7 mYNbrW ny hI KrVw kmytI 'c SmUlIAq kIqI ijs dw pRDwn fw Abyfkr jI nUM cuixAw igAw[ ienHW dI AgvweI 'c iqAwr kIqw igAw sivDwn 26 jnvrI 1950 nUM lwgU hoieAw[ ku`l kwienwq leI qwA izdgI mwrg drSk bxn vwlI ieh mhwn SKsIAq 6 dsbr 1956 nUM srIrk ivCoVw dy geI[


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