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ies ivSyS lyK dw mksd isrP ivcwr sWJy krnw hY[5abi.com Adwry dw sihmq hooxw koeI zrUrI nhI[


guruU goibd isG dy kvI nMdlwl dw rcnw-sswr
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mihdr isG ccrwVI

gurU goibd isG jI is`KW dy dsvyN gurU hoey hn[ aunHW qoN mgroN is`K gurUAW dI dyhDwrI prprw Kqm ho geI sI qy is`KW ny gurU gRQ swihb n gurU mn ky pUjxw SurU kr id`qw sI[ gurU goibd isG jI ijQy qlvwr clwaux 'c mwihr sn, auQy klm dy DnI vI sn[ aunHW Awpxy drbwr 'c 52 kvI 'gurU ausqiq' krn leI r`Ky hoey sI[ ienHW kvIAW 'coN mShUr kvI sn BweI nMdlwl[
BweI nMdlwl dw jnm Ajoky APgwinsqwn dy gznI Sihr 'c 1633eI 'c hoieAw sI[ ieh Sihr kwbul qoN 92 mIl d`Kx-p`Cm Aqy kDwr qoN 220 mIl au`qr-p`Cm ivc siQq hY[ ieQoN dy hI jmpl mihmUd gznvI ny Bwrq 'qy 17 hmly kIqy sI[ jdoN BweI nMdlwl 1697 eI 'c gurU goibd isG dy drbwr 'c AwnMdpur phucy, audoN aunHW dI aumr 64 swl sI[ ivdvqw aunHW n ivrsy ivc hI imlI sI[ BweI nMdlwl dy ipqw munSI C`jUm`l ssikRq, ihdI,PwrsI, ArbI, aurdU Awid dy igAwqw sn qy iehI ividAw aunHW BweI nMdlwl nU vI isKw id`qI sI[
munSI C`jUm`l, dwrwiSkoh dy drbwr 'c nOkrI krdy sn[ auh gznI dy rwj-pRbD smyN 1652eI 'c A`lw n ipAwry ho gey sn[ ipqw dI mOq mgroN BweI nMdlwl mulqwn Aw gey[ ieQy aunHW dI iek is`K pirvwr dI lVkI nwl SwdI ho geI[ mulqwn ivc auh hwkm vswP KW dI nOkrI krdy sn, jo aunHW 1683eI 'c C`f id`qI sI[ shury pirvwr dI is`KI ny BweI nMdlwl n vI is`KI dI cytk lw id`qI qy auh is`KI dy guxgwauNdy rihdy[ 1684eI 'c BweI nMdlwl ny bhwdurSwh zPr nwl Awgry 'c mulwkwq kIqI[ BweI nMdlwl dIAW kivqwvW sux Awgry dw hwkm Sihzwdw muA`zm bhuq pRBwvq hoieAw qy aus ny BweI nMdlwl n Awpxw munSI r`K ilAw[
30 swl BweI nMdlwl Awgry dy hwkm dy munSI rhy[ iesy dOrwn ihd dy bwdSwh AOrgzyb n BweI nMdlwl v`loN kIqy 'kurwn' dI iek Awieq dy ArQ tub gey[ aus ny Awpxy pu`qr bhwdurSwh n BweI nMdlwl n ieslwm 'c ilAwaux dw hukm id`qw pr BweI nMdlwl dI Drm-inrp`K kwivk rh ny ieslwmI ipjry 'c kYd hoxw nw minAw qy aunHW AwnMdpur swihb 'c gurU goibd isG dy drbwr 'c Aw m`Qw tyikAw[ AwnMdpur swihb Aw ky BweI nMdlwl ny is`KI rg vwlIAW ZzlW rcIAW[ AwnMdpur Aw ky BweI nMdlwl dIAW ZzlW 'c rUhwnIAq pRvyS kr geI[
AwnMdpur swihb ivc BweI nMdlwl ny ZzlW qoN ielwvw 'izdgInwmw', 'gjnwmw, 'joiq ivgws', 'dsqrul ienSw', 'Arzul ArPwz','qOsIPosnw','rihqnwmw', 'qnKwhnwmw' Awid pRis`D rcnwvW vI ilKIAW[ is`K rg vwlIAW kivqwvW/ZzlW ilKx vwly Swier nMdlwl n aus vyly ieslwmI k`tVvwd qoN mukq mwnvqwvwdI ilKqW ilKx vwlw Swier qslIm kIqw jWdw sI[ BwvyN BweI nMdlwl, gurU goibd isG dy lgr 'c BWfy mWjx dI syvw krdy hudy sn pr auh ieSk hkIkI dy ky p`ky AwSk sn[
BweI nMdlwl dIAW rcnwvW 'coN is`KI dy nwl-nwl sUPI m`q dw pRBwv vI imldw hY[ BweI nMdlwl dIAW ZzlW 'c gurbwxI dI g`l auBrvyN rUp 'c kIqI hoeI imldI hY[ keI QweIN ZzlW dw AwrB 'BeI pRwpq mwnuK dyhurIAw' Aqy 'cuBI rhI suriq pRB crnn mih' dy mhWvwkW nwl vI hoieAw imldw hY[ izdgInwmy qoN bdgInwmy dw colw pwaux vwly nMdlwl dw iek QW PwrsI dw SyAr hY:
hvwie bdgI Awvurd dr vjUd mrw[
vgrnw zOik cunI Awmdn n bUd mrw[
1699 dI ivswKI vwly idn gurU goibd isG v`loN swjy Kwlsw pQ ny BweI nMdlwl n vI JjoiVAw qy auh vI AimRq Ck ky BweI nMdlwl qoN BweI nMdlwl isG bx gey[ AimRq Ck ky BweI nMdlwl isG ny Kwlsy dy rihqnwmy ilKy[ rihqnwimAW ivc aunHW KwlseI rihq drsw ky is`KI jIvn-jwc isKweI[ BweI nMdlwl qoN BweI ndlwl isG bxyy gurU drbwr dy ies kdr is`K dI pirBwSw qy rihq kuJ ies qrHW d`sI hY:
qIsr rUp is`K hY mor[ gurbwxI riq ijh ins Bor[
ivswh pRIiq gur Sbd juDry[ gur kw drSn inq auT kry[
igAwn Sbd gur suxy suxwie[ jpujI jwpu pVHy icq lwie[
gur dvwrn kw drSn krih[ prdwrw kw iqAwg jo krih[
guris`K syv kry icqu lwie[ Awpw mn kw sgl imtwie[
ien krmn mih jo prDwn[ so is`K myrw rUp pihcwn[
Kwlsy dI ivAwiKAw pRsquq krdy BweI nMdlwl dw ieh SyAr Kwlsw pQ 'c kwPI mShUr irhw hY:
Kwlsw soie mwn jo iqAwgY[ Kwlsw jo priVAw qy BwgY[
Kwlsw soie pridRsit iqAwgY[ Kwlsw soie nwm rq lwgY[
Kwlsw so bwxI ihq lwie[ Kwlsw soie swr muih Kwie[
Kwlsw soie inrDn ko pwlY[ Kwlsw soie duSt kau gwlY[
Kwlsw soie nwm jp krY[ Kwlsw soie mlyC pr cVY[
Kwlsw soie nwm isauN joVih[ Kwlsw soie bDn kau qoVih[
Kwlsw soie jo cVHih qurg[ Kwlsw so jY krY inq jg[
Kwlsw soie SsqR kau DwrY[ Kwlsw soie duSt kau mwrY[
AwnMdpur swihb C`fx mgroN vI BweI nMdlwl gurU goibd isG dy nwl hI rhy[ aunHW v`loN cmkOr dI jg 'c bhwdrI ivKwaux dI g`l vI keI ieiqhwskwrW ny ilKI hY[ BweI nMdlwl dI ausqq 'c BweI vIr isG spwdk 'Kwlsw smwcwr' ny iliKAw hY ik auh is`KI ivc eyny prp`k sn ik aunHW bYrwgI m`q vwlI kTI pihnx qoN ienkwr kr id`qw sI[ 'sUrj pRkwS' dy hvwly nwl BweI vIr isG izkr krdy hn:
nMdlwl kr joir bKwnw[ ies kTI qy AnMd n jwnw[
bwxI sudr kTI joie[ mor gry pihrwvhu soie[
gur prmySr jsu ijs swhI[ brnn krqy iqRpqO nwhI[
sdw kT mih sudr sohY[ pTin sunin qy jn mn mohY[
(irq , AS 24)
fw gfw isG spwdk 'BweI nMdlwl gRQwvlI' ivc aunHW bwbq ilKdy hn ik ''BweI nMdlwl gurU goibd isG jI dy drbwrI kvIAW 'coN iek sn[ aunHW dmdmw swihb (qlvfI swbo) AjokI dmdmI bIV ilKvwaux 'c Aihm BUimkw Adw kIqI sI['' BweI nMdlwl dmdmw swihb (qlvfI swbo) qoN gurU goibd isG nwl hI hzUr swihb cly gey sn[ Akwl clwxy qoN iqn idn pihlW dmdmw swihb (qlvfI swbo) ilKweI bIV n gurg`dI bKSx vyly gurU goibd isG ny BweI nMdlwl n sboDn huidAW ikhw sI:
Sbd sunY gur ihq icq lwie[ igAwn Sbd gur sunY sunwie[
jo mm swQ chy kir bwq[ gRQ jI pVHy ibcwrih swQ[
(rihqnwmw BweI nMdlwl)
BweI nMdlwl jI 1709eI 'c Akwl clwxw kr gey sn[


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