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ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਸਿੱਖਣ ਲਈ ਕੁੱਝ ਲਾਭਦਾਇਕ ਵਿਡੀਓ

Lesson 4: The Basic Greetings
Punjabi does not have a European system of greeting. That is, no one says ' Good morning, 'afternoon' or evening'. Indian culture is seeped in religion and the formal greetings reflect one's faith. In the Sikh community it is Sat Sri Akaal. In the Muslim one, it is Aslam alaikam and in the Hindu, Namaste. The informal greetings is Kiddha ( the respectable one being Pranaam), which roughly translates as hello, or what's up? The response to the above varies within Sikhs, from saying Sat Sri Akaal or Kiddha, to Valaikam Asslaam within the  Muslim community. To say goodbye the Sikhs say Rab Rakka and the Muslims Khudaa haafiz. It is polite for each culture to address each other with that community's chosen phrase. So below:

ਮੁਸਤਫ਼ਾ, ਅੱਸਲਾਮ ਅਲੇਕਮ। Hello Mustafa.
Mustapha asslaam alaikam.

ਗੁਰਦੀਪ, ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ। Hello Gurdeep.
Gurdeep sat(i) sree akaal.

ਅਨਿਲ ਨਮਸਤੇ ਜੀ। Hello Anil.
Anil namaaste jee.

Note that in the phrase Sat(i) Sri Akaal, Sat(i) is a religious spelling, and thus includes a silent 'i' or Sihaaree. This is a religious convention, and drastically alters meanings. Also the sound 'r' is supporting in ਸ੍ਰੀ , as has been seen in the Vowel section. The rule with accents on the letter's foot is; they are pronounced before the one's to either side or on the letter's head. So lets expand our Greetings.

ਖ਼ੁਸ਼ਵੀਰ ਸਿੰਘ: ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ । Hello
Khushveer Singh: Sat Sri Akaal.

ਜੀਵਨ ਸਿੰਘ: ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ । Hello
Jeevan Singh: Sat Sri Akaal.

ਖ਼ੁਸ਼ਵੀਰ ਸਿੰਘ: ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਹਾਲ ਠੀਕ ਹੈ? How is your health? ( How are you?)
Khushveer Singh: Tuhaada haal theek ha?

ਜੀਵਨ ਸਿੰਘ: ਹਾਂ ਜੀ, ਮੇਰਾ ਹਾਲ ਠੀਕ ਏ। Yes sir, I am fine.
jeevan Singh: Han ji, meraa haal theek e.

ਖ਼ੁਸ਼ਵੀਰ ਸਿੰਘ: ਇਹ ਮੇਰਾ ਦੋਸ਼ਤ ਹੈ। This is my friend.
Khushveer Singh: ih meraa doshat hai.

ਜੀਵਨ ਸਿੰਘ: ਅੱਛਾ! ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਕੀ ਨਾਮ ਹੈ? Okay! What is your name?
Jeevan Singh: Achaa! Tuhaada naam ke ha?

ਡੇਵਿਡ: ਜੀ ਮੇਰਾ ਨਾਮ ਡੇਵਿਡ ਹੈ । Sir, my name is David.
David: Ji, meeraa naam david ha.

ਖ਼ੁਸ਼ਵੀਰ ਸਿੰਘ: ਸ਼ਾਬਾਸ਼! ਤੁਸੀਂ ਬਹੁਤ ਸੁਹਣੀ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਬੋਲਦੇ ਹੋ!  Well Done! You speak really good Punjabi!
Khushveer Singh: Shaabaash! Tuseen bahut suhnhee punjabee bolte han!

ਡੇਵਿਡ: ਸ਼ੁਕਰੀਆ, ਮੈ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ ਹਾਂ ਅਤੇ ਮੈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਬੋਲੀ ਸਿੱਖੀ ਹੈ। Thank you, I am English and I have learnt to speak the Punjabi language.
David: Shukreeaa, main Angrerz han, ate mai punjabee bolee sikhi hai.

ਜੀਵਨ ਸਿੰਘ: ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਪਰਿਵਾਰ ਠੀਕ ਹੈ? Is your family fine?
Jeevan Singh: kee tuhaadaa parvaar theek ha?

ਖ਼ੁਸ਼ਵੀਰ ਸਿੰਘ: ਜੀ ਸਾਡਾ ਪਰਿਵਾਰ ਠੀਕ ਹੈ। Yes, my family is well.
Khushveer Singh: Ji, saadaa parveer theek ha.

ਜੀਵਨ ਸਿੰਘ: ਅੱਛਾ! ਅਸੀਂ ਦੋਨੋ ਫਿਰ ਜਾਂਦੇ ਹਾਂ। Okay! Us two are both going then.
Jeevan Singh: Achchaa. Aaseen dono phir  jande han.

ਖ਼ੁਸ਼ਵੀਰ ਸਿੰਘ: ਚੰਗਾ ਜੀ, ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ। goodbye.
Khushveer Singh: Sat sri akaal.

ਜੀਵਨ ਸਿੰਘ: ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ। goodbye.
Jeevan Singh: Sat sri akaal.

ਡੇਵਿਡ: ਸਤਿ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ। goodbye.
David: Sat sri akaal.

As can be seen,  this conversation is very formal. There is an informal way to speak as well. Below we shall briefly look at tense, word order and expand our greetings. This area will be returned to in detail in later sections. Note also from the above how each letter is written and how each accent makes it carry a sound as a consequence. The next stage is to understand how Punjabi adjectives and verbs work. These too will be dealt with in detail later. Punjabi greetings can be informal and formal depending upon whom you speak to. Like Spanish there is a yours respectable, and a familiar. So,
ਨੀਨਾ: ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਪਰਿਵਾਰ ਠੀਕ ਹੈ? Is your family well?
Nina: Tuhada parvaar theek ha?

ਪ੍ਰਾਭ: ਜੀ, ਸਾਡਾ ਪਰਿਵਾਰ ਠੀਕ ਹੈ। Yes, our family is fine.
Prab: Jee, saadaa parvaar theek ha.

Compare this with:

ਨੀਨਾ: ਤੇਰਾ ਪਰਿਵਾਰ ਠੀਕ ਹੈ? Is your family well?
Nina: tera parvaar theek ha?

ਪ੍ਰਾਭ: ਜੀ, ਮੇਰਾ ਪਰਿਵਾਰ ਠੀਕ ਹੈ। Yes, our family is fine.
Prab: Jee, mere parvaar theek ha.

It is the tuhada and tera that makes the sentence less formal. Formality is usually for respecting elders and strangers.

Punjabi sentence word order.

Unlike English, the Punjabi sentence is very loose in structure and extremely flexible. For example, David could say " How are you?" equally semantically correct as " You are how?".
ਟੈਸ਼ਾ: ਇੱਥੋ ਬੁੱਕ ਚੁੱਕ। Pick the book from here.
Tasha: iththo book chukk


ਟੈਸ਼ਾ: ਬੁੱਕ ਇੱਥੋ ਚੁੱਕ। Pick the book from here.
Tasha: book iththo chukk

In the second example, the English transliteration would be " the book pick from here". Note the word in italic blue. This is because this is a Diaspora Punjabi word, adopted in the Western World Punjabi. All such words will be in italics from now. More on sentences later.
Diaspora Punjabi and Traditional Punjabi.
Essentially many traditional words in Punjabi have been forgotten or fallen out of use in the West. In their place, words from English, Spanish and other languages have been adopted. Mainly from the English language, because most immigrants were the less well educated in India, and did not know the Indian equivalent of the many Western words they have adopted. In terms of classifying animals and things not familiar in India, English words have thus prevailed in Punjabi spellings and spoken language. More obscure words, such as names of Animals that do not exist in the Punjab, are now being classified with European words or English ones. An example of this American English to British English like phenomenon, is Mez (table ) being now called table in Punjabi households here. So ਮੇਜ਼ is now ਟੇਬਲ
>> Lesson 5

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